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Article

МОРАЛЬНЫЕ ОСНОВАНИЯ СОЦИАЛЬНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ В ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОМ ДИСКУРСЕ

The article presents the results of analysis of moral aspects of the representation of the socially vulnerable groups in school textbooks. We consider the social classifi cation as a factor that forms the social structure. The classifi cation system is refl ected in public discourse around issues of social policy, as having a moral dimension. It fi xes codes of desirable and undesirable behavior, institutionalizes the behavioral practices and patterns of perception. The textbook becomes a tool for translation of existing practices to new generations. The empirical base of the study consisted of the textbooks on the subjects “World Around” and “Social Science”. The set of textbooks for the elementary schools includes for the analysis 4 fragments, for grades 5-11 — 72 fragments. The consideration of the examples of vulnerable groups in school textbooks has allowed a) to trace changes in representation of themes in textbooks aimed at diff erent age groups, b) to identify the degree of similarity in the representation of diff erent groups, combined in the category of «social insecurity». A normalizing discourse is dominating in relation to the poor/unemployed. People with disabilities, the elderly and single-parent families are represented in the discriminatory discourse, in which the individual represented as an object of care, or in the discourse of avoidance, aimed at the symbolic removing of the problem of reality.