Digital Literacy in Russian Regions
This paper is focused on the actively developing field of media studies concerning the concept “digital literacy”, its measuring and explanation the results. In 2015 the Department of Communication, Media and Design of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” in collaboration with non-profit organization ROCIT conducted research aimed to construct the Index of Digital Literacy in Russian Regions.
Theoretical framework of this research includes publications by M. Alcock, M.L. Fisher, P. Gilster, S. Hargadon, J. Hartley, H. Jenkins, etc. The most close research projects in some aspects include the Canadian's Centre for Digital and Media Literacy 'MediaSmarts', the Fund “Modern Poland” and research group of G. Soldatova (Moscow State University).
The index is based on two main statistical sources: special all-Russian representative 18+ survey (n=1600) conducted by research company WCIOM and Internet audience measurement projects by TNS Russia. It consists of three parts: - digital consumption (includes such parameters, as desktop and mobile Internet penetration, level of online news consumption, etc.); - digital competence (includes such parameters, as competence in Internet search, competence in the usage of online social networks, competence in online financial operations, etc.); - digital security (includes such parameters, as attitude to software piracy, ability to secure personal information, level of communication culture in social networks, etc.).
The proposed report is focused on the methodology of the research as well as on some achieved results. The research reveals significant disproportions in the level of digital literacy in the federal districts of Russia. The various means of explaining the digital literacy figures will also be revealed and explain here.