Современное состояние и перспективные направления интеграции финансовых рынков отдельных стран СНГ и России
The article is dedicated to the elements of Byzantine influence in the Caucasian architectural monuments of 9th–10th c. Its greatest extent shows from the end of 9th c. Abkhazia and Alania, where a local version of the provincial (Pontic) Byzantine architecture was created. In Kakheti several groups of Byzantine master-builders participated in the 10th c. in construction of churches in Vachnadziani, Sanagire, Bodbe etc., and also brought here the tradition of brick architecture. In Klarjeti and Tao the Byzantine builders, who used opus mixtum technique, were involved in different way in the 950-960’s in the construction of the churches in Opiza, Doliskhana, Dört-Kilise, Sinkoti and Ezbeki. Finally, in Armenia Byzantine influence was manifested from the middle of 10th c. in the brick architecture of Vaspurakan.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.