Идентичность и дискурс: от социальной теории к практике лингвистического анализа
The article reviews various identity theories and analyses the ways these can be operationalized in textually oriented discourse analysis. Identity is seen as a complex and multifaceted category whose key defining features are the degree of agency of the subject, their identification with social roles and/or groups and categories, the degree of continuity of the self, and the ever-increasing role of semiotic resources both in constructing and enacting identities. A thorough consideration of various studies in discourse analysis makes it possible to argue that studies in social theory and those in discourse analysis complement each other as the finding from the latter generally support the claims of the former and, most importantly, can act as a source of additional empirical data for them. This gives further evidence for the idea of discourse being one element of the social firmly embedded in it as well as underscores the need for further integration of linguistic disciplines and social sciences.