Публикационная активность вузов: эффект проекта «5–100»
The article examines the status system of the local academic community of St. Petersburg sociologists. The list of most cited authors was obtained from citation analysis of selected Russian sociological journals. The results suggest that the status system is divided in isolated segments with few citation exchanges between different segments. Each part of the sociological community produces its own list of influentials. With a few exceptions there are no authors central for the whole community. Even the embeddedness of various segments in the same local space does not stimulate circulation of attention between different parts of the community.
The ratio between universal and national components of sociology has been discussed for decades. Not only is this discussion interesting for sociologists, but it is also important for science managers. International databases and ratings are used to assess scientific performance more and more often in Russia. It is widely known that the coverage of the most famous and commonly used databases is biased towards English-language literature. One can suppose that the role of English-language publications is not the same for all science fields. Thus, the validity of international databases as instruments for assessing scientific performance depends crucially on the geographical universality of the research frontier, theories and methods of the particular field of science. In this study we compare the globalization level of sociology and applied physics in terms of quantitative characteristics of the scientific communication system. The results obtained show a significant difference in the globalization level of the fields considered. Thus, this study gives us another proof to the necessity of a differentiated approach to the scientific performance assessment.
In Chapter 7 the author based on the analysis of the main Belarusian periodicals on philosophy, considering the changes in editorial policy, publication activity, the visibility of the scientific communities and periodicals in the international scientific community, methodology and identity of Belarusian philosophers over the past 20 years
The book is devoted to the results received within implementation of the international EURECA program and generalizes experience of maintenance of system innovations in education through the international cooperation and partnership of higher education institution-business-power.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.