Публикационная активность вузов: эффект проекта «5–100»
The article examines the status system of the local academic community of St. Petersburg sociologists. The list of most cited authors was obtained from citation analysis of selected Russian sociological journals. The results suggest that the status system is divided in isolated segments with few citation exchanges between different segments. Each part of the sociological community produces its own list of influentials. With a few exceptions there are no authors central for the whole community. Even the embeddedness of various segments in the same local space does not stimulate circulation of attention between different parts of the community.
The ratio between universal and national components of sociology has been discussed for decades. Not only is this discussion interesting for sociologists, but it is also important for science managers. International databases and ratings are used to assess scientific performance more and more often in Russia. It is widely known that the coverage of the most famous and commonly used databases is biased towards English-language literature. One can suppose that the role of English-language publications is not the same for all science fields. Thus, the validity of international databases as instruments for assessing scientific performance depends crucially on the geographical universality of the research frontier, theories and methods of the particular field of science. In this study we compare the globalization level of sociology and applied physics in terms of quantitative characteristics of the scientific communication system. The results obtained show a significant difference in the globalization level of the fields considered. Thus, this study gives us another proof to the necessity of a differentiated approach to the scientific performance assessment.
In Chapter 7 the author based on the analysis of the main Belarusian periodicals on philosophy, considering the changes in editorial policy, publication activity, the visibility of the scientific communities and periodicals in the international scientific community, methodology and identity of Belarusian philosophers over the past 20 years
The book is devoted to the results received within implementation of the international EURECA program and generalizes experience of maintenance of system innovations in education through the international cooperation and partnership of higher education institution-business-power.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.