Россия – сто лет после революции: причины и последствия:Материалы международной научной конференции
The idea of “The Third Rome” has appeared in Russian thought at the beginning of ХVI century. Monk Filofey has concretized this theory. The theme of Rome has come in the culture of St. Petersburg with the help of Peter the Great. Since nineteenth century the theme of Rome has become the main theme between noble youth. It was maintained practically by every Russian thinker. There were two main tendencies of the development of the Third Rome’s idea: the theme of Russia as “The real third Rome”, successor of Christian values of Roman and Byzantine Empires, and also the theme “Decline of Rome” and “Collapse of Empire”.
The book is a first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". It is devoted to researching various aspects of the power and society interaction in a historical and modern context of the state development. The book is the first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". The special attention is paid to the history of public institutions and relationship of the power and society from antiquity prior to the beginning of the XX century. A number of problems of the Russian history of this period is considered on materials of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The edition is addressed to the scientists, students, graduate students, teachers of higher education institutions, all interesteind problems of law and government, history of the state and law.
The crucial factor which determines inadequate state management in Russia and its low competitiveness in the world is corruption in all fields including politics where it affects the whole «power vertical» from bottom up. A question arises concerning the efficiency of this vertical since in Russia, as in any other state, it is important not all by itself, but as an instrument ensuring the life of the society including quality of life for all citizens.
This article examines state–civil society relationships in contemporary Russia. Its objective is to assess opportunity structures of Russian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that are intertwined with the state. The article presents qualitative data from fieldwork in the Russian cities of Moscow, St Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, and Perm in 2009 and 2010. The focus of NGOs in the field of disability was chosen because of their roles as social service providers and as advocates for the rights of the disabled. The findings indicate that despite the Soviet legacy of an occupying state, Russian NGOs widen their opportunities by maintaining close relationships with state structures. Thus, litigation strategies seem to be an effective instrument for fostering social change for the benefit of the disabled.