Inverse attraction in Ingrian Finnish
Ingrian Finnish admits inverse attraction, the head of the relative clause being marked for case according to the position of the corresponding participant in the subordinate clause. Until now, the study of inverse attraction has been limited almost exclusively to the data of dead languages, which has resulted in a number of hypotheses based solely on written text frequencies. These hypotheses can be checked against Ingrian Finnish data. In particular, Ingrian Finnish shows a difference between inverse attraction constructions and correlatives, which are often regarded as equal or similar. Inverse attraction constructions, as opposed to correlatives, are characterized by compatibility with demonstratives and quantifiers in the head, appositive relative clauses and different kinds of agreement mismatches between the head and the relative pronoun. Arguably, these properties indicate a relatively low level of integration of the head into the relative clause.