Liberal Arts в России: непозволительная роскошь или оправданная необходимость?
The article analyses the applicability of the Liberal Arts model to Russian higher education. The overview of the main features of the Liberal Arts education is provided both from administrative and pedagogical perspectives. The article focuses on the challenges Russian higher education may face if the features of the model are thoughlessly copied and the local context is not taken into consideration.
The article analyzes the applicability of the liberal arts education model to Russian higher education. We describe the distinguishing traits of the model from the points of view of administrators and teachers. We focus on the challenges that the Russian system would face if individual features were thoughtlessly borrowed from this Western system without considering the local context.
Dramatic political, socio-economic, and cultural transformation of Russia in recent decades are often compared to the reforms of Peter the Great. The ongoing reform of education, which is part of the changer, attracts international attention. There have been voices within the Czech: pedagogical public, growing in intensity in the past few years, pointing out the lack of information on the development of education in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union, on the transformation of the educational system, and on the problems solved by politicians, experts, as well as school practice in the multi-ethnic and multi-national state. These problems may be of interest not only to the witnesses of the era of Soviet pedagogy and intensive work and personal contacts with its representatives, but also to the younger generation of teachers and researchers. The aim of the publication is to draw attention to education in the Russian Federation, providing the Czech educational community, professionals, and the general public with up-to-date information, as well as documenting, from a critical-analytical perspective, the development, current situation, and trends in Russian schooling.
This article explores the question of emergence and transformation of liberal arts in European university tradition by taking a historical and comparative approach, looking at the histories of Newman and Humboldt university projects as they were evolved in Europe and assimilated in the United States of America. The article aims to analyze the current state of liberal arts education as well.
Based on the data of comparative educational statistics, the international university ranking results (Webometrics) and the analysis of the problems of updating the educational standards of the Russian Federation, the three main aspects of inequality in Russian higher education consider revising: student elitism; the low quality of mass higher education; weak interaction of higher education and the labor market. Improving the quality of mass higher education - a prerequisite reducing elitism student masses.The real way to improve the quality of mass higher education – is strengthening of the interaction between higher education and the labor market
The number of studies and programmes on the social and emotional development in schools has dramatically increased in the recent years. There is no doubt now that research and development in this area on every level of education: from nursery to university. But, despite of wide distribution in the world leading education systems, Russian educational society doesn’t have neither the common nomenclature, nor the instruments for a large-scale assessment in this area. In this paper, we aim to provide the comprehensive review of the nomenclature, assessment and developmental programmes in the area of the social and emotional development. Also, we present the theoretical model, which can be used for the creation of the large-scale assessment instrument for primary schools in Russia.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.