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Regular version of the site

Article

Андре Жид - друг СССР. Рождение репутации (К переводу статьи Дм. Мережковского)

Литературный факт. 2017. № 3. С. 164-171.
Харитонова Н. Ю.

The article considers origins and genesis of André Gide’s reputation as a “friend of the Soviet Union.” In 1928 Soviet literary press took interest in Gide’s book Travels in the Congo, its author still being regarded as a bourgeois intellectual. Publication of Gide’s journal entries, interpreted as pro-Soviet, in June 1932 marked a border line in his perception both in France and in the USSR. Soviet press declared him a ‘friend of the Soviet Union’ and began to persistently cultivate this image. Opinions of French literary critics and intellectuals also relied on the assumption that Gide had become a follower of the Communist ideology. Russian immigration circles failed to understand Gide’s action. Thus, Dmitry Merezhkovsky wrote an open letter to Gide in the spirit of his own antibolshevist ideas where he accused European intellectuals of sympathizing with the Soviet regime.