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Article

Идентичность самозанятых интернет-работников

Хусяинов Т. М.

Active development and improvement of Internet technologies has resulted in the creation of new organizational and institutional structures in all areas of society. Some absolutely new phenomena emerge, including a new form of employment relationship, online employment. Online employment can be both a wage labor and an independent professional work. The aim of this paper is to determine the characteristics of the category of online workers who are employed in the form of wage labor and self-employment. Each of these forms of labor relations has its own specific features. The empirical basis for this study is provided by the data of a sociological research of online workers conducted in 2015 (N = 140). In this work, the author identifies the main differences between self-employment and wage labor of online workers and defines their essential characteristics. Selfemployed online workers have a significant human and social capital and are highly motivated.