ЭФФЕКТИВНОЕ УПРАВЛЕНИЕ ТЕРРИТОРИЯМИ ОПЕРЕЖАЮЩЕГО СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОГО РАЗВИТИЯ ДАЛЬНЕГО ВОСТОКА РОССИИ
In the article on the basis of official data of state information analyzes patterns of management of the social and economic development of the Russian Far East and mostly the territories of priority development of the Russian Far East. Discusses the process of structural management and interaction of institutions to fulfill the strategy of innovation development of Russia till 2020.Innovations are an integral part of the break through effect as it was in China.
Currently, innovations are the main competitive advantage of small-sized enterprises in many developed countries. Innovative activities of microenterprises in Russia, making over 93% of small business, stay beyond reporting and specialised research. Given that, the objective of the research was a revealing interrelation of the results of microenterprises’ activities and the innovative activities of enterprises in regions. Collections of statistical reports by the Russian Federal State Statistics Service as well as independent research materials, were used as information sources. Federal subjects were used as objects, correlation and regression analysis was the research methodology. The primary attention in the paper is paid to the possibility of indirect assessment of microenterprises’ innovative activities in regions, looking for factors and forms of their interaction assisting the development of the potential of this small group of economic agents. As a result, it was found out that intensity of microenterprises’ distribution, strengthened by intermediary’s (mediator’s) influence, is mostly interrelated with innovative activities, with the region’s e-development index serving as mediator.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.