Рецензия на книгу I. Mel'čuk, J. Milićević. Introduction à la linguistique. Paris: hermann, 2014. 3 vols. 378 + 286 + 392 p.
The conference brought together prominent linguists from all European countries, who talked across the vast variety of topics - how language structures evolve, a very slow time-scale for the evolution of structures, what is going on in the speech of people today, or what was it in the past, whether 'grammars' and 'speakers' can be viewed as a single homogenous group across the world's cultures, or do different effects get played in different cultures, whether particular grammars can provide ready grooves that induce speakers of some languages to make particular coding choices more often - in other wirds, fundamental questions for our understanding of why languages differ so much from each other.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.