Plasma–liquid interactions: a review and roadmap
Plasma–liquid interactions represent a growing interdisciplinary area of research involving plasma science, uid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, photolysis, multiphase chemistry and aerosol science. This review provides an assessment of the state-of-the-art of this multidisciplinary area and identi es the key research challenges. The developments in diagnostics, modeling and further extensions of cross section and reaction rate databases that are necessary to address these challenges are discussed. The review focusses on non- equilibrium plasmas.
The problem of automatic image recognition based on the minimum information discrimination principle is formulated and solved. Discrimination calculation in the Kullback–Leibler information metric based on colour histograms comparison is proposed. It’s combined with a method of directed enumeration of the set of alternatives as opposed to the method of complete enumeration of competing hypotheses. Results of an experimental study of the discrimination in the problem of face images recognition are presented. It is shown that the proposed algorithm is characterized by increased accuracy and reliability of automatic image recognition.
The collection contains papers presented at the 11 th International Conference "Interaction of radiation with solids" (23-25 September 2015, Minsk) and covers the following topics: processes of interaction of radiation with solids, radiation effects in solids, beam techniques the formation of nanomaterials and nanostructures, the modification of the properties of materials, structure and properties of coatings, Equipment for radiation technologies.
Addressed to researchers and students of natural faculties.
The mathematical modelling is performed to study the effect of the permeability of the Casparian bands to water and solutes on the formation of the root pressure. It is shown that the pressure in the xylem vessels which stops the flow across a root cut (root pressure) decreases with increase in the permeability of the Casparian bands to solutes at a fixed hydraulic conductivity. However, if the Casparian bands are permeable to water alone and impermeable to solutes, then changes in the root pressure changes are not observed.
The collection contains papers presented at the 10 th International Conference "Interaction of radiation with solids" (24-27 September 2013, Minsk) and covers the following topics: processes of interaction of radiation with solids, radiation effects in solids, the interaction of the plasma with the surface modification of materials properties, structure and properties of coatings, Equipment for radiation technologies. Addressed to researchers and students of natural faculties.
Diagnostics and measurement are necessary for the effective management decision making. The social and economic processes are hardly to measure due to its nature. This article explores the approaches to the diagnostics of self-organizing and self-developing systems on the enterprise level. While the authors take into account the world measurement practice of management systems. The relationships between elements of self-organizing and self-developing systems and their key characteristics were revealed in purpose of diagnostic. The paper presents four steps of the diagnostics of the self-organization and self-development maturity level: the preparation phase, express-analysis of external experts, enterprise self-diagnostics with the help of questionnaires, precise diagnostics by external experts. The data obtained from questionnaires are analyzed with the help of special program. The results of the diagnostics are pictured with the Radar method.
This paper presents a system that automates the process of ensuring testability in the design of electronic equipment. Developed and presented algorithms of basic modules. Discussed in detail module for selecting diagnosed elements.
The manual contains tasks that make it possible to diagnose the formation of class 1 students in both substantive, communicative, regulatory and cognitive universal educational activities. Particular attention is paid to tasks aimed at building self-esteem. The methodological materials given at the end of the publication give a general description of the content and form of tasks, as well as recommendations for interpreting and using the results.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.