Перспективы развития законодательства по защите прав потребителей в торговом обслуживании в России и Китае
The article is devoted to the study of law in the field of consumer rights protection in Russia and China. The authors highlighted problems in the sphere of consumer protection in trading service of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the RF) and the People's Republic of China (hereinafter – the PRC). The article presents a comparative analysis of the legislation of two countries, identifies prospects and development trends of the Russian and Chinese legislation in the sphere of consumer protection. A comparison of the provisions of the RF and PRC legislation in the sphere of consumer protection in trading service is of particular relevance. The main goal of this comparison is to remove gaps in national legislation, improve its provisions according to the PRC legal practice.
The authors of the proposed article make conclusions that despite some differences in formulation, the scope of the Russian and Chinese laws are practically identical. The study of the Chinese law rules leads to the conclusion that in the scope of the legislation can be added to the relations that are associated with the purchase and use of goods, performance of works or rendering of services. Consumer protection legislation varies periodically. Currently it is modernizing.
In order to improve the mechanism of consumers' rights protection in Russia, the authors suggest to fix the mediation usage at the legislative level, as it is in the PRC. The introduction of this procedure will also contribute to the development of the movement in defense of consumers' rights, strengthening the role of civil society organizations. We deem it expedient to add mediation provision in the sphere of consumer protection into the Law of the Russian Federation on the Protection of the Consumers' Rights. Also it is essential to strengthen the role of consumer associations in this procedure.