Точки инновационного роста современной России на примере Приволжского федерального округа
The paper analyses the relationship of the leadership in the social economic systems with or without the inner innovative growth, as well as its intensity. Along with that, the innovative growth itself is considered to be the result of the primary entrepreneurship approach. Besides, the innovative growth is looked at in terms of its intuitive understanding such as the extension of product range due to new developments and in terms of international methodological documents. If innovation is understood intuitively as the creation of the product, which was not yet on the world market, innovation means any improvement in the level of the individual enterprise in international methodological documents. This shows the difference between the understanding of innovative growth in international methodological documents and economic growth, arising as a consequence of the introduction of R&D. The conclusions of the theoretical analysis are used to interpret the aggravated data from Federal State Statistics Service in federal districts. Then the data for Volga Federal District are disintegrated to the level of the republics and regions with the leaders in innovative growth (Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara regions) being identified on the basis of the values of different indicators. Comparison of the innovative activity indicators in performance types in Tatarstan and information on industrial sites in the region leads to the conclusion that the republic’s enterprises gradually increase the value of their assets at the expense of innovation. But this innovative growth is closer to the definition of international methodological documents, rather than to its intuitive understanding. The number of fundamentally new technologies created in the region is extremely small. This means that the economy hasn’t yet created the conditions for the business demand for new knowledge and its integration into the value added.