Точки инновационного роста современной России на примере Приволжского федерального округа
The paper analyses the relationship of the leadership in the social economic systems with or without the inner innovative growth, as well as its intensity. Along with that, the innovative growth itself is considered to be the result of the primary entrepreneurship approach. Besides, the innovative growth is looked at in terms of its intuitive understanding such as the extension of product range due to new developments and in terms of international methodological documents. If innovation is understood intuitively as the creation of the product, which was not yet on the world market, innovation means any improvement in the level of the individual enterprise in international methodological documents. This shows the difference between the understanding of innovative growth in international methodological documents and economic growth, arising as a consequence of the introduction of R&D. The conclusions of the theoretical analysis are used to interpret the aggravated data from Federal State Statistics Service in federal districts. Then the data for Volga Federal District are disintegrated to the level of the republics and regions with the leaders in innovative growth (Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara regions) being identified on the basis of the values of different indicators. Comparison of the innovative activity indicators in performance types in Tatarstan and information on industrial sites in the region leads to the conclusion that the republic’s enterprises gradually increase the value of their assets at the expense of innovation. But this innovative growth is closer to the definition of international methodological documents, rather than to its intuitive understanding. The number of fundamentally new technologies created in the region is extremely small. This means that the economy hasn’t yet created the conditions for the business demand for new knowledge and its integration into the value added.
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research is a compilation of the conference proceedings and the top papers presented each year at the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC). BCERC is widely considered the premier research conference on entrepreneurship and the work truly exemplifies new frontiers in the discipline of entrepreneurship. Full text papers are peer reviewed; summaries, poster sessions and interactive papers are not.
The sector of knowledgeintensive business services (KIBS) not only contributes to its own dynamic and innovative development but also to the development of the external environment through the creation, accumulation, and dissemination of knowledge. Therefore, it is considered one of the key pillars of the knowledgebased economy. This article addresses the problem of its spatial distribution in Russia. The basis of the study is uniquely empirical, obtained through a series of largescale surveys among Russian pro ducers and consumers of KIBS. The collected data provide quantitative evidence for the spatial dimension of the sector. Comparative analysis of the production and consumption of KIBS in Russia’s federal districts makes it possible to classify the latter in terms of the exchange of related services and mapping of the intensity of their interregional supply and demand across federal districts. It is established that companies offering KIBS in Russia are largely concentrated in big cities. The demand for KIBS is more distributed, but not spa tially neutral. This paper may be of interest to researchers focusing on the spatial distribution of elements of the innovationbased economy in Russia. It is also relevant for regional authorities, because it can help them assess the development capacity of their regions.
The volume deals with the current frontier research in entrepreneurship theory in Europe on contextual and processual specifics of entrepreneurial practice
UK corporate tax reform, corporate tax in Russia and tax relief system were considered and described in the article. Also it was made an attempt to apply UK experience of innovative activity encouragement through corporate tax regulation to Russian economy.
We consider the realization of the development strategy for the university in the context of global, national and regional trends. We show how the implementation of innovative forms of educational process and research work of teachers and students, co-operation with key partners are able to turn a new school in a leading regional university of socio-economic profile.
The book contains papers by the leading contemporary researchers of entrepreneurship who belong to the group of awardees of the Global awared in entrepreneurship research as well as outlines of their research activities. First concise collection of the mainstream entrepreneurship research ideas of the end of the 20th - beginning of the 21th centuries.
The book contains teaching materials and notes on the study course “Entrepreneurship”.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.