The article presents the results of a study conducted by the ZIRCON Research Group, which as supported by the Social and environmental organization "Green League" in the beginning of 2015. The study was complex and included the implementation of the three types of data collection procedures, both qualitative and quantitative.
Collection of articles dedicated to the new trends of social and cultural change in Korean and Russian companies. It examines the historical background of the formation of the new trends of social and cultural changes in the two societies and the modern problems of democratization and formation of civil society. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of social and economic transformations, as well as the emergence of new socio-cultural practices in Korea and Russia.
This article presents some results of the study "Potential of migration from city to village: stimulus and barriers of the internal migration", conducted by ZIRCON Research Group with the support of the Social and environmental organization "Green League" in 2015.
Internal net-migration rates in Russia are negatively correlated with regional labour shares in mining. In order to explain this phenomenon theoretically and empirically, Crozet’s (J Econ Geogr 4:439–458, 2004) theoretical model is augmented by the mining of natural resources to allow for exogenous market developments and spatially bounded production. The model is directly transformed into an econometric panel specification and tested for 78 Russian regions for the observation period 2004–2010. The empirical results show that the mining of natural resources attracts internal migrants, while regional price-indexes have unexpected positive effects.
This paper investigates the use of the United Nations World Population Policies Database for research on internal migration policy. Internal migration is more extensive and, perhaps, even more significant for the economic, political, social and cultural development of society than international migration. Internal migration policy is not always singled out as an independent factor, but is generally treated as a part of other types of policies.
In order to summarize the experience of different countries, conduct international comparisons and identify regional and global tendencies in the implementation of policies on internal migration, the World Population Policy Database can be used. The database contains regularly updated information on the situation and trends in the implementation of population policy for all UN member states and some other territories. The main source of information is the official responses of the governments of these countries and territories to regularly distributed inquiries of the UN Population Division.
The database provides access to information about population policy and some demographic and socio-economic indicators from 1976 to 2015. The web interface makes it possible to create maps and graphs and to download datasets of policy data in the Excel format, and also contains sections with the latest publications that use the database and useful links (including links to other demographic databases). At the same time, it should be noted that the potential of the database on population policy for Russian studies on internal migration has not been adequately exploited.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.