Организация обучения персонала в компаниях и сотрудничество предприятий с системой профессионального образования.
This article continues the publication of results in study of employers' relation to the health protection of their employees that was performed by the National Research University at the Higher School of Economics. An Information basis of the study included the data of sociologic questioning performed in 2010 for directors of big and medium enterprises and organizations of various economy branches. The obtained results are evidence of the fact that 38% of questioned enterprises and organizations entered into contracts of voluntary medical insurance and 10% had direct agreements with medical institutions. In spite of economic crisis consequences only an insignificant part of employers reduced expenses for agreements of additional medical aid provision for their employees in 2010, or decreased a scope of employees by these agreements. The overwhelming majority of employers sow positive results in investments of own funds into additional medical aid for their employees. In a majority of cases the employers embraced all employees in agreements of voluntary medical insurance and completely paid polices. Therein the employer placed the greater financial responsibility on employees themselves the higher the level of professional risk of work is at the enterprise.
The monograph is devoted to the issues of building an effective model of corporate system of education in the human resources management of the modern organization. The paper discusses the features of professional education and training at the local level, analyzes the key trends in the development of corporate learning systems segment of the Russian economy, as well as the most successful practices to improve the effectiveness of learning and development system. The author conducted a comprehensive analysis of the management and legal system of corporate learning systems, with special attention paid to the protection of employer investments in training and development.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.