Вредные мифы о социально-экономическом вреде профсоюзов
Appeal to the problems associated with the trade unions to influence socio-economic processes in the modern conditions, it is due to several important reasons. First, the weakening of trade union positions in the major industrialized countries of the West since the mid 70-ies of the last century largely violated formed over decades of social partnership mechanism and led to the loss of a number of social gains. Second, the mechanism of social partnership, which was formed in Russia since the beginning of reform, characterized by the fact that the trade unions can not yet be considered as equal parties, able to withstand the planned and already taken "unpopular" measures. In the course of economic theory examines the impact of the model of trade unions in the labor market is far from the real processes, and even distort them. In this article an attempt to show the differences between the effects of the trade unions in theory (and in textbooks expounding this theory) and in reality. For This critically examines two important thesis about the "dangers" of trade unions: the myth of the role of trade unions as a cause of unemployment and postulate about the contribution of trade unions in the unwinding of inflation, it shows how to use these theoretical positions to justify social policies, as well as traces the evolution of the main Russian claims and foreign trade unions. The conclusion about the need to review the provisions of the adverse effects of trade unions on the economy and social sphere in the textbooks on economic theory.
The aim of this study was to investigate the conformity of the classical industrial model of social and labor relations current configuration of these relations in the small and medium business. Results were based on an analysis of empirical data characterizing significant specificity of the last model.
According to the common definition of unemployment, the unemployed are those who are not in paid employment or self-employment, are seeking work and are available for work. А job search model is estimated from a sample of the unemployed and from some extended samples of the jobless, obtained by loosening that definition gradually. Revealed similarities and differences constitute the result of the research.
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of incomes is given. For more in-depth study of interrelation of the parameters describing differentiation of incomes of the population of Republic, on everyone allocated cluster are constructed regression models of a degree of influence of the parameters reflecting age structure of the population on a level of monthly average wages, pensions and social payments.
This paper with use of nationally representative data (RMLS-NRU HSE) in 2004-2012 examines the sectoral segregation between immigrant (persons with an immigration background) and native workers and its impact on earning differential in Russia. This is the first study on the micro-level in Russia about sectoral segregation and wage gap between natives and immigrants under its influence.
In this study we analyze the determinants of the choice of sector, estimate earning differences between natives and immigrants, define Duncan index of dissimilarity and measure the impact of sectoral segregation on earning differential between natives and immigrants using Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.
This issue of the series «Modern Education Analytics» examines trends in changes in wages, employment and income of employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. This publication reviews the dynamics of the average salary of teaching staff of educational organizations at all levels of education. Special attention is paid to the study of the purchasing power of the average salary of teachers of educational organizations by level of education as a key characteristic of the success of reforms in the field of teachers’ remuneration, reflecting the satisfaction of teachers and changes in the status of teachers. The issue also presents proposals for improving the remuneration of teachers in the current conditions of transition to mixed learning technologies in education.
Inflation has continued to slow in the CEE region, moving into negative territory in Hungary and declining to a historic minimum in Romania. The start of the ECB's QE program and the stabilization of financial markets have given monetary authorities in the two countries more room for rate cuts. Regardless, fiscal discipline will remain under pressure.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.