Вредные мифы о социально-экономическом вреде профсоюзов
Appeal to the problems associated with the trade unions to influence socio-economic processes in the modern conditions, it is due to several important reasons. First, the weakening of trade union positions in the major industrialized countries of the West since the mid 70-ies of the last century largely violated formed over decades of social partnership mechanism and led to the loss of a number of social gains. Second, the mechanism of social partnership, which was formed in Russia since the beginning of reform, characterized by the fact that the trade unions can not yet be considered as equal parties, able to withstand the planned and already taken "unpopular" measures. In the course of economic theory examines the impact of the model of trade unions in the labor market is far from the real processes, and even distort them. In this article an attempt to show the differences between the effects of the trade unions in theory (and in textbooks expounding this theory) and in reality. For This critically examines two important thesis about the "dangers" of trade unions: the myth of the role of trade unions as a cause of unemployment and postulate about the contribution of trade unions in the unwinding of inflation, it shows how to use these theoretical positions to justify social policies, as well as traces the evolution of the main Russian claims and foreign trade unions. The conclusion about the need to review the provisions of the adverse effects of trade unions on the economy and social sphere in the textbooks on economic theory.
The aim of this study was to investigate the conformity of the classical industrial model of social and labor relations current configuration of these relations in the small and medium business. Results were based on an analysis of empirical data characterizing significant specificity of the last model.
According to the common definition of unemployment, the unemployed are those who are not in paid employment or self-employment, are seeking work and are available for work. А job search model is estimated from a sample of the unemployed and from some extended samples of the jobless, obtained by loosening that definition gradually. Revealed similarities and differences constitute the result of the research.
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of incomes is given. For more in-depth study of interrelation of the parameters describing differentiation of incomes of the population of Republic, on everyone allocated cluster are constructed regression models of a degree of influence of the parameters reflecting age structure of the population on a level of monthly average wages, pensions and social payments.
This paper with use of nationally representative data (RMLS-NRU HSE) in 2004-2012 examines the sectoral segregation between immigrant (persons with an immigration background) and native workers and its impact on earning differential in Russia. This is the first study on the micro-level in Russia about sectoral segregation and wage gap between natives and immigrants under its influence.
In this study we analyze the determinants of the choice of sector, estimate earning differences between natives and immigrants, define Duncan index of dissimilarity and measure the impact of sectoral segregation on earning differential between natives and immigrants using Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.
Inflation has continued to slow in the CEE region, moving into negative territory in Hungary and declining to a historic minimum in Romania. The start of the ECB's QE program and the stabilization of financial markets have given monetary authorities in the two countries more room for rate cuts. Regardless, fiscal discipline will remain under pressure.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.