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Article

Два дневника монахини Абуцу (1221?-1283): литература, биография, личность

The article is devoted to the diaries of the nun Abutsu “Utataneno Ki” and “Izayoi Nikki”. Abutsu began her career, like most young women of her circle, as a court lady in the service of Princess Ankamonin. As fate would have it at the age of thirty Abutsu met Fujiwara no Tameie, a descendant of the great dynasty of poets. Abutsu influenced the life of the Mikohidari poetic house, apparently playing her part in splitting the family into three branches. Abutsu had to fight for the right of her children to inherit not only the rich estate of Hosokawa, but also for the transfer to them of the entire library, what opened up tremendous career opportunities for the court poet. Being practically the only sources of the biography of Abutsu, diaries provide valuable information about the young and old years of the writer. However, we are dealing with a fiction that is at the same time very personal for the author. So, “Utatane” is a diary of yet a very young Abutsu, who was fascinated by “Genji-monogatari” being clearly under its influence. While “Izayoi nikki” is completely different, there is an obvious political and personal background that Abutsu kept in mind when writing a diary. Abutsu is positioning herself as a strong personality: a devoted wife, mourning her husband, an outcasted mother, ready to go on a difficult journey and, finally, a talented poet who can convey sacred knowledge about poetry to her descendants.