Проектирование складской сети как составной части логистической инфраструктуры системы распределения
The paper introduces a new formalized approach to the procedure of designing an optimal warehouse network as a part of the logistics infrastructure of the distribution system. The proposed procedure of design or reorganization of a warehouse network is based on the achievement of goals and objectives, defined by the logistics strategy developed through the company's corporate strategy. Implementation of the design procedure was developed taking into account the distribution of functions of the project executors.
Methodology of solving the problem of warehousing logistics is viewed, including the complex of problems of constructing warehousing network and optimizing warehousing economy. It is shown, that solving the problem of warehousing logistics lies in gradual consideration and mplementation of such taska as working out logistic strategy, including operating of warehousing network; forming optimal network in frame of locating warehousing capacities; projecting (reorganizing) warehousing economy; working out master plan of warehousing economy; working out optimal system of warehousing and volumetric planning decisions.
The problems of managing logistic process at the warehouse are analyzed in frame of optimizing parameters of trade flows, going through warehouse.
The paper presents an approach to determine the best solution for multi-criteria problem of goods distribution in the separate parts of warehouse network links. The approach is based on simulation using the methods of linear programming (to minimize the costs of played random demand values), and using the analytic hierarchy process - to accommodate the preferences of the decision maker.
Research of new efficient optimization decisions related to the distribution tasks of goods in the warehouse network is particularly relevant today. The purpose of this article – to help practitioners working in this field in the development of new approaches and methods for finding the best solutions in relation to problems of this type that will use existing hidden reserves of improving the efficiency of such systems. In particular, we will focus on the possibility of taking
into account in the optimization of goods distribution strategies of a number of important factors, such as: 1) the ability to select the period of time for supply planning by orders of stores; 2) the ability to simulate orders from stores with the defined probability distributions for random amounts of such orders; 3) the ability to adapt to the preferences of the selection decision maker; 4) the possibility of reducing transport costs for deliveries, using solutions such as transport problems played out for random order value. The article presents such procedures, which correspond with the task of determining the best solution for the distribution of the goods in the
warehouse network problem on many criteria. These procedures involve the synthesis of these optimization processes during the selected period to plan the supply of solutions. 1) Simulation-playing with random orders to stores this next period at the Monte Carlo method. 2) The use of analytic hierarchy process to compare the importance of particular criteria for decision-makers. 3) Minimization the cost of transportation and storage of goods in the form of a linear programming problem (for simulated random orders in relation to the analyzed alternatives to the possible adoption of the strategy and execution of orders). This article shows that the implementation of a set of procedures mentioned would allow formalizing the task of selecting the solution as the problem of multi-criteria optimization. After that, choose the best solutions can be carried out on the basis of traditional theory, and taking into account the adaptation
of such a choice to the decision maker's preferences. Such selection procedures will be presented in a separate article.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы