Особенности логистической поддержки осуществления гуманитарных операций
In modern world, organizations, both in business and in the humanitarian sphere, have to look for the ways to improve their efficiency. As a result logistics has become a crucial factor for the competitiveness of commercial companies. Now it is getting more importance for humanitarian organizations as well. The article is dedicated to the specifics of logistics in humanitarian sphere. The authors study the disaster cycle and define its main stages: ramp-up, maturity and ramp-down. For each of the stages they highlight goal of logistics, typical problems as well as specifics of the logistics processes organization. The results of the comparative analysis have shown major distinctions between humanitarian logistics and the commercial one. Criteria for the comparison included such factors as the primary objective, types of stakeholders, presence of clear division of functions and responsibilities between supply chain participants, structure of logistics activity, type of promotional strategy, specifics of the new product development, requirements for production/operations, peculiarities of inventory management, etc. The study is based on case analysis and review of the foreign bibliography. The research has revealed potential areas for exchange of experience and best practices between commercial entities and humanitarian organizations. Thus, companies might take advantage of the humanitarian supply chains strengths including flexibility, swift reaction, ability to form partnerships and alliances, making use of local suppliers in order to reduce lead times, open information exchange between all the parties involved. The authors show that strategic partnership proved to be one of the most effective organizational forms for mutual training of commercial and humanitarian supply chains participants.
This paper aims to find nonprofit organizations place in Russian economy. Using national and regional data on nonprofit organizations, the author explores the Russian nonprofit sector structure and changes in output of Russian NPO. The findings reveal, firstly, the concentration of these organizations in club goods provision and advocacy fields, whereas there is services-dominant nonprofit sector in many developed countries. Secondly, NPO output figures demonstrate significant fluctuations and a marked decrease of nonprofit share of services production. Thirdly, it is assumed that NPO in Russian Federation regions are strongly influenced by specific factors causing significant differences in their development.
Volunteer administrators and their host organizations need to be concerned about evaluating volunteer programs to satisfy the information needs of various constituencies. These constituencies or so-called “stakeholders” are persons or groups who have a stake in, or a claim on, the program, whether perceived or actual. For example, one of the most prominent stakeholders, funders are no longer content merely with an organization having volunteers onboard but wish to know the results or “outcomes” or even the long-term “impact” of their involvement. Another important set of stakeholders, board members are interested in whether all organizational resources, including volunteers, have been put to good, if not “best,” use. Similarly, a third stakeholder group, organizational leadership, is eager to derive the most benefit from the volunteer program. For their part, volunteers may derive motivation from learning about the value of their efforts and the results they help to bring about for organizations and their clients. Satisfying all of these stakeholders through the same evaluation of the volunteer program is not easy, and perhaps not even feasible. Accordingly, in this chapter we present an evaluation framework for assisting the volunteer resource manager with understanding and conducting different types of evaluation based on stakeholder involvement.
The paper is focused on the changing role of nonprofit organizations in welfare provision under conditions of welfare transformation in contemporary Russia. The evidences of shrinking role of the state in providing social services have been found in Russia as well. Russian government introduced administrative reform which aims to accomplish deregulation of the market, outsourcing and delegation of social provision to the nonprofit sector and commercial organizations. The research is exploring the neoliberal tendencies and their impact on the role of NGOs in social provision and development of the nonprofit sector as a whole. Federal government expects social NGOs to assist in social policy and provision of certain services for social groups in need (children, women, veterans, disabled etc). The paper explores variety of state funding for social services delivered by NGOs and assess its possibilities and limitations in the case of Saint Petersburg.
For a mult i-mode control plant, a system of equations is obtained so thai its solution helps construct a robust controller that ensures the quality of system functioning close to optimal for the normal mode and acceptable availability for the emergency mode. An approximate method to solve this problem is given.
The article suggests to adopt a pluralism methodological approach in marketing science. Using controversy over marketing to nonmarketers problem paper traces evolution of the issue in context of research methodology and discusses alternative methodological approaches and research paradigms.
In the present article we generalize and analyze types of external control of nonprofit firms, present author’s groupmate by different categories of nonprofit organizations. The results of the article could be useful for improvement of legislation and for nonprofit organization.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management