Интеллектуальная тайна Карамзина: опыт философии творчества
The article is dedicated to the outstanding Russian writer and historian N.M. Karamzin. One of the best representatives of the Russian intellectual elite, Karamzin is a true example of a Russian European who embodies in his work the values of European modernity, scientific rationality, spiritual and aesthetic diversity of national culture. Karamzin’s “History of the Russian State” is an intellectual and moral feat of the Russian thinker. “History” is the first Russian historical encyclopedia to be written as philosophical fiction. The national epic penned by Karamzin holds a deep moral meaning. We see our task in the re-interpreting of the Russian thinker’s heritage, in identifying the moral and intellectual sources of his creativity.
For improving efficiency of foreign language studies for professional purposes in nonlinguistic higher education establishments in the cultures dialogue context the contents of learningmust be completed with intercultural professional communication aspects including the knowledge of national cultures features of learning language country and understanding of their influence in different spheres of business life . The extension of contents of learning requires elaboration of new elective courses and creation of learning materials based on andragogical principles of learning taking into account adult learners’ specific characteristics.
The chapter is dedicated to the problem of correlation of the ideology of Enlightenment and the practical implementation of the ideas of the philosophers in the politics and social life of Prussia and Russia.
The article deals with the problem of researching of local cultures. It is connected with a question of variety of cultural experience. One of the most important aspects of the given problem is a definition of approaches and methods to the analysis of local cultures, processes of their formation and revealing of their peculiar features. Research of the specific in local cultures means the movement from the general to the particular, from the definition of the maintenance of local culture through its regional specificity to specific features.
The book includes materials of the Eighth International Conference The Phenomenon of Creative Person in Culture: in Honor of Prof. Fatyuschenko (Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies, Moscow State University, 26–27 October 2018). The theme of the conference reflects the special research direction developed by the Department of Comparative Literature and Culture (http://www.ffl.msu.ru/faculty/departments/literatures-and-cultures/), aimed to examine the phenomenon of creative personality through the prism of Russian and world literature. The subject headings of the edition represent the names of sections, thus displaying the specific range of problems discussed by the participants.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.