Public Support for Innovation in Russian Firms: Looking for Improvements in Corporate Performance Quality
The author considers issues of tax administration, based on the analysis of indicators of the region's economy. The work is based on the analysis of statistical information on tax revenues and macroeconomic indicators, which is supposed to draw a conclusion about the effectiveness of the use of certain benefits pro-vided by regional legislation. The relevance of this study is due to the difficult economic situation in the country and, as a consequence, the problems of filling the regional budget. Since the benefits are falling budget revenues, questions the effectiveness of their use is now the most relevant. In examining this question, it concludes that tax incentives do not significantly affect both the value of collected taxes and arrears, as well as on various macroeconomic indicators. So this analysis should be the starting point for regional lead-ership in finding ways to optimize the tax benefits and improve the efficiency of the region's economy.
The paper is devoted the consideration of problems and their solution set and proposed by “The Strategy of Innovation Development of the Russian Federation for Period to 2020” (“Innovative Russia 2020”). The principles of The Strategy and stages of its realization, the model of coordination of interaction of blocks of national innovation system is investigated in accordance with the theory and practice of modern innovation development. It is shown that The Strategy is based on an attempt to establish the state administration management of innovation processes by means of integration of large business and bureaucracy. The danger and risks of realization of this approach for Russia development are investigated. The paper contrasts this approach with one based on building modern national innovation system. In the center this national innovation system there are independent enterprises absorbed in market environment, that are cooperated with institutes creating, distributing and storing knowledge. In the system, the state is considered as a catalyst and a partner of innovation processes, but not their administrator.
This article studies the relationship between exporting and past productivity at the firm level. Panel data from two surveys of Russian manufacturing firms conducted in 2005 and 2009 are used. We analyse the difference between continuing and new exporters, and study how drivers to exporting differ if firms export to CIS or high-wage advanced countries. We find empirical evidence for the self-selection hypothesis: both continuing and new exporters are more productive and larger than non-exporters and export quitters. Path dependence in the nature of foreign trade ceased to exist: serving the markets of the former Soviet Union requires the same productivity advantage as exporting to the developed countries.
Sustainable development is an important concept for modern policymakers. To encourage people and businesses to act more responsibly and work towards sustainability, the states may introduce the tax incentives aimed respectively – at achievement certain goals in technological, ecological and social areas. EAEU Member States – Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia – adopted some tax measures which may be described as aimed at sustainable development, mostly in respect of personal development, R&D and their implementation. However, the paper shows that the efficiency of these measures is inconclusive, as the indicators in respective areas change differently than could be expected based solely on tax measures.