Современный спорт и культура насилия
The author, using elements of J. Huizinga’s game concept, proposes to consider sport as a specific phenomenon of modern culture. One of the features of this phenomenon is the duality of relations between sport and violence: on the one hand, sport is intended to limit the violence; on the other hand, it is a means of stimulation and the escalation of violence. Sport allows us to reduce aggression and violence to the form of a game. It is a means of combating inequality, discrimination and intolerance. At the same time modern sport, initially devoid of utilitarian functions, has a significant resource to be used as a means of constituting community and solidarity. Participants and spectators of sports unite around a common idea. They tend to be thinking in polemical categories of "our" ― "their". Modern sport provides a person with an illusion of participating a common affair, so that in the long run sport turns into a quasi-war. However, the politicization of sport, its use as a means of social and political mobilization weakens the potential of sport to minimize violence, as was dreamed by the organizers of the first modern Olympic Games. In this regard, we are faced with the question of the possibility of the return to clean sport ― a question that requires a separate study.