Non-epicurean desires more
In this paper, it is argued that there can be necessary and non-natural desires. After a discus-sion about what seems wrong with such desires, Epicurus’ classification of desires is treated similarly to Kripke’s treatment of the Kantian table of judgments. A sample of three cases is suggested to make this point.
Plein-air in additional education studio organization is being discussed in the article. As a part of estetic students' education, open-air represents drawing and painting outside in open-air. Purpose of open-air working is to fasten and broaden knowledge and experience received during academic year, to develop abilities of its creative application in open space natural illumination conditions. Different activities are being described: drawing (doodle, sketch, long-tirmed drawing) and painting (short-termed and long-termed etude).
This paper is dedicated to the comparative analysis of existential ontological concepts of M. Heidegger and H. Plessner from the perspective of philosophical anthropology. Unlike Heidegger, whose doctrine of human existence required the analysis of a priori structures of existence to precede the disclosure of the sense of being, Plessner refutes the existential ontological substantiation of the whole world-view in the pre-empirical anthropology as in the doctrine of «being-consciousness». According to Plessner, the philosophy of man is impossible without the philosophy of nature, as far as the human mode of existence can be perceived only as a mode of being of a natural entity. Therefore the subject of philosophy should not be the theoretical, but the «living», or natural, existence.
The book about nature of Moscow region/
In this article I examine the «sensual lexicon» of Jan van Ruusbroec’s spiritual texts. Mostly I focus on the concept of desire – the central point is «begheerte» as well as its synonyms in the Middle-Dutch texts and Latin translations by Wilhelm Jordaens, Greet Grote and Laurentius Surius. The special emphasis is attended to the Latin translation of the dualistic concepts and lexical games.
Book Review: Karpik L. (2010) Valuing the Unique: The Economics of Singularities, Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press (primum editae: Karpik L. (2007) L’économie des singularités, Paris: Gallimard).
Choosing a good novel, a fancy restaurant, artwork, or a qualified specialist practitioner cannot be understood with the help of theories of exchange mechanisms offered by economics. Lucien Karpik suggests the concept of “singularity” for analyzing consumer choice of high-quality unique goods. The main attributes of “singularities” include multidimensionality, uncertainty, and incommensurability. The important traits of markets for singularities include opacity and opportunism, the necessity for coordination mechanisms, the dominance of quality competition over price competition, and the impossibility to explain price setting with the supply-demand equilibrium. Markets for singularities contain judgment devices (e.g. guides, expert reviews, laureate lists) which help consumers to make a choice. These devices are used in order to reduce uncertainty, providing consumers with necessary knowledge. These devices include networks, certificates of quality, expert systems, ratings (composed by experts or developed by the market), techniques of consumer manipulation and forms of product demonstration at points of sales. Markets for singularities are governed on the basis of several coordination regimes. Thus, the “regime of authenticity” can be found within markets of expensive wine based on guarantees of quality. “Mega-regime” refers to situations where brand names signal a certain quality, such as global movie producers, luxury apparel manufactures, and so on. The “regime of expert opinion” exists within constrained markets, including books, movies, theatre performances, etc. The “regime of professional coordination” is applied to markets of personal services such as physicians or architects, where service suppliers are governed by professional ethics and associations. Prices for singularities are not determined by the standard equilibrium mechanism of supply and demand, but instead are set based on restraints of volume production. A market for a singularity also implies great discrepancies in prices for top-tier products by ratings versus goods produced for mass consumption.