Адаптационные стратегии российских бизнес-инкубаторов в период экономического кризиса
The common vision on business incubators considers them as an important part of the regional innovation infrastructure, with a special mission of innovation-based start-ups support and eco-systems creation. It seems beyond question that business incubators are also important elements of the universities’ system of technology transfer. University researchers and students create spin-off companies to commercialize valuable R&D results, while universities are interested in profits and knowledge sharing and, thus, nurture these spin-off companies via business incubators. Despite the prevalence of this vision, the problem of business incubators effectiveness assessment is not solved in a systematic way. One of the reasons is the diversity of models and institutional contexts in which business incubators act. In this article the system of performance indicators for universities, establishing business incubators, has been proposed. To develop this system, a questionnaire survey was conducted. A real options-driven approach is used for criteria selection.
Business incubators are usually considered as elements of regional innovation infrastructure, that is aimed at the nurturing of young innovative companies and forming of innovation eco-systems. The role of business incubators as a part of the system of universities’ knowledge and technologies commercialization chain is also a common place. Small innovative businesses are being created for technology transfer of university staff-born technologies and research results, and these startups are bеing developed in a favorable environment of business incubators. In spite of the rapid growth of business incubators amount worldwide, their efficiency as technology transfer tool seems unproved. This paper provides an attempt to use the stakeholder approach to business incubators efficiency and to develop the system of indicators of their performance to different stakeholders. The primary data and questionnaire survey results were used on the sample of mangers and residents of business incubators in 8 regions of Russia
Nowadays there is a relatively small amount of publications devoted to business accelerators. Moreover, there is no standard definition of such programs. The research finds a distinctive similarity between business accelerators and third generation of business incubators thus proposing the specified definition of business accelerators and validating it by means of sociological survey conducted among self-proclaimed business accelerators
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management