Апробация диагностического инструмента по выявлению роли феномена спортивное удовольствие в завершении спортивной карьеры
The article is devoted to the motivation to run or to end of young athletes career. This article describes the steps of sports career. "Sports Enjoyment" concept is considered as one of the motivating factors. In a sample of 225 athletes from 28 different sports, we tested the questionnaire "The Role of Enjoyment in the End of Sports Career" and identified factors associated with possible quiting the sport. This method provides information on the subjective reasons for retiring from the sport, which relate primarily to the loss of pleasure in sport activities. The study shows that сhildren aged 13-14 years old are ready to leave the sport on average 26% more than the beginners, or adult athletes. This method is aimed at forecasting the career of professional athlete, and therefore it seems so be useful to coachers and psychologists, as it can give them necessary information about the sportsman priorities he is guided when deciding whether to continue or end the sports careers.
This article contributes to the debate on portfolio and organisational careers and presents the results of qualitative research on young Russian employees. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has experienced several economic and social crises, which has had a signifi cant impact on the labour market. The employment level remains relatively stable in Russia due to institutionalised precarity. The analysis of 60 in-depth biographical interviews with young employees from St. Petersburg demonstrated that young Russians in the contemporary labour market can be characterised by portfolioability. This term is a multidimensional construct that includes practices, meanings of work, attitudes and capital. Portfolioability is expressed in fl exibility, experience, transferable skills and multiple employment practices. Moreover, it is portfolioability, which in some cases becomes a resource of increasing security in the labour market and developing agency.
How can we motivate students, patients, employees, and athletes? What helps us achieve our goals, improve our well-being, and grow as human beings? Motivation and volition are issues that everyone grapples with in facing the challenges of everyday life. This unique and comprehensive book by leading international researchers takes a genuinely integrative view on motivation and volition from the perspective of personality systems interactions (PSI) theory of Julius Kuhl. This book is essential reading for all researchers, practitioners, coaches, educationalists, and students interested in motivating people.
The purpose of the paper is to give an overview of the Internet resources, tools and technologies that can be used in different types of elearning of the English language.The paper also highlights the problems that are likely to occur when employing the technologies: low level of information culture, technological hurdles, psychological readiness, motivation. The conducted research shows the growing interest to using ICT and increasing satisfaction from the learning process based on the Internet resources among students.
The article examines the reasons for low motivation for autonomous learning and focuses on the review of the research carried out to identify students’ interpretation of the following key notions: “motivation strategies” and “autonomous learning” in relation to learning foreign languages. The article considers the interrelation between motivation and autonomous learning, presents key motivation strategies and teaching techniques that students see as the best for their academic achievement.
The paper analyzes, using a survey of 700 high school students, their attitudes towards classical and modern literature. School continues to shape views of Russian classical literature as a supervalue. Yet, reading practices diverge from the values. Most students do not read contemporary Russian authors viewing them as subpar to the classics. Foreign literature, on the contrary, is popular among teenagers because it is not subjected to comparisons with the classics.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.