ХОЛОДНЫЙ МИР: ДВА ПОЛЮСА ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ
The authors introduce the special theme of the issue presenting the articles that explore the opportunities and possibilities for the interdisciplinary collaboration among ethnography, anthropology, cultural geography, and human geography in the area of studying the geo-cultural space of the Arctic. The presentation is focused on the range of interdisciplinary projects and approaches undertaken by the Lab for Geo-Cultural Study of the Arctic in Yakutsk.
The book presents studies and essays dedicated to metageography Russian culture. The main attention is paid to the images of space, forming the background of texts and works of P. Chaadaev, A. Blok, A. Platonov, A. Tarkovsky and other artists. The book may be of interest to anyone interested in the history of Russian literature and culture, Humanities, geography and metageography.
The most effective approaches to mental maps as an instrument of presentation of the complex cultural geographical research products are given as a result of comparative study. Two opposing paradigms of understanding ‘mental map’ as a term are revealed. The first deals with the orientation schemes present in the minds of personalities and/or visualized as abstract diagrams without obligatory spatial information or geographical coordinates given. The second is in fact a kind of geoimages serving as visual representations of individual or generalized visions of the given territory. They may be drawn by the informants according to the researcher’s task, or constructed by the scientist himself as a result of generalization of received data. Traditional geographical maps with thematic content representing space perception issues are regarded as a special branch of this kind of mental maps. The productive combination of two contradictory approaches with the systems of interconnected place characteristics justified by cultural geographical research ‘located’ at certain geographical coordinates is suggested. The examples of mental maps developed out of both approaches & meeting the mentioned criteria for complex cultural geographical research are given.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.