The Dayton Peace Accords signed in 1995 have up until now proved ineffective. They completed their mission – to stop the hostilities and stabilize the situation. However, they failed to create a viable state. Centrifugal tendencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina are compounded by the conflicting interests of major international players: the European Union and the United States, Russia, and Turkey. The strategy chosen by international forces in Bosnia is inefficient and fraught with outbreaks of violence in the region. This article analyzes the discrepancy of the policy pursued in Bosnia and Herzegovina compared with reality. The author of the article proposes a potential plan for the harmonious development of the state.