Рождаемость в повторных союзах в России: позволяет ли вступление в новый супружеский достичь идеала двухдетной семьи?
Демографическое обозрение. 2016. Т. 3. № 1. С. 35-51.
Zakharov S. V., Churilova E. V., Agadjanian V.
The rapid deinstitutionalization of lifetime marriage in developed countries in the second half of the 20th century has resulted in increased proliferation and acceptability of diverse forms of marital unions. On the one hand, all developed countries have seen rising risks of dissolution of first marriages; on the other hand, this trend has been partly compensated by increases in second and subsequent unions. The demographic consequences of these fundamental social shifts in Russia have not yet been well studied. In particular, the contribution of higher-order unions to completed cohort fertility has not been adequately addressed, especially outside western settings. In this article, recent data from the longitudinal Generations and Gender Survey conducted in the Russian Federation were used to examine fertility in higher-order unions (marriages and cohabitations) among the post-war generations. The article contributes to the debate on the persistence of the two-child ideal in contemporary Europe by demonstrating how childbearing in higher-order unions corresponds to or deviates from this ideal in Russia. The results of the study show that higher-order unions play an important role in fulfilling reproductive aspirations. The contribution of births in such unions to the total number of births rose continuously during the observation period of 1950-2009. Entering a higher-order union makes it possible to compensate for the deficit of births that occurs at the pre-divorce and post-divorce stages. Although higher-order unions often are not registered officially, this does not prevent partners from carrying out their reproductive intentions. Entry into a higher-order union, whether registered or not, increases the probability that a woman will have two or more children, thus offering the possibility to conform to the social norm of the two-child family. However, for divorced women of reproductive age, success in finding a new partner remains a key factor determining the number of children they have.
Рождаемость в России и Эстонии: различия между русскими, проживающими в России и Эстонии, и коренными эстонцами
, , et al., Общественные науки и современность 2018 № 4 С. 89-114
The collapse of the USSR, transition to market economy and structural changes in society had given start to the family and marriage transformation in Russia and post-soviet countries of Eastern Europe. Estonia is one of the examples of rapid deinstitutionalization of marriage, widespread of cohabitations and nonmarital births. At the same time, since first post-war ...
Added: August 18, 2018
, , Демографическое обозрение 2018 Т. 5 № 1 С. 106-137
The first objective of this study was to provide an overview that briefly describes how modern research explains changes in matrimonial behavior in time and space (heterogeneity between European countries and within Russia). The second objective was to identify the main determinants of the choice of the first matrimonial union that function at macro-, meso-, ...
Added: December 7, 2017
Рождаемость в повторных союзах в России: позволяет ли вступление в новый супружеский союз достичь идеала двухдетной семьи?
, , , Демографическое обозрение 2016 Т. 3 № 1 С. 35-51
Быстрая деинституционализация семьи в развитых странах во второй половине XX века привела к тому, что в общественном сознании стали приемлемыми различные формы семьи, и, в частности, незарегистрированные сожительства стали широко распространенной формой супружеских союзов, дополняющих традиционный брак. Кроме того, наблюдается как рост вероятности распада первого брачно-партнерского союза, так и увеличение шансов вступления во второй и ...
Added: December 7, 2015
, Russian Education and Society 2011 Vol. 53 No. 2 P. 78-92
Russia’s declining birth rate is linked to a delay in a family’s decision to have children and to uncertainty about the place of children in a couple’s relationship. Despite the rise of individualism and the importance of career and self-realization, however, the family retains a very important place in Russian society. ...
Added: October 10, 2012
, , Is cohabitation an alternative to marriage in Russia? / SSRN. Series Social Science Research Network "Social Science Research Network". 2014.
Declining marriage rates and increasing cohabitation rates in modern Russia have become a trend that many scholars have observed and tried to explain through the perspective of the Second Demographic Transition. Our research is another attempt to understand these changes and to answer the question on the nature of cohabitation in Russia. We aimed to ...
Added: October 22, 2014
Transformation of partnership formation in Eastern Europe: The legacy of the past demographic divide
, , et al., Journal of Comparative Family Studies 2012 Vol. 43 No. 3 P. 389-417
This article analyses the transformation in the mode of partnership formation in seven countries of Eastern Europe. The aim of the study is to provide an up-to-date account of the switch from direct marriage to non-marital cohabitation as it has progressed from the 1960s to the mid-2000s, using data from the Generations and Gender Surveys. ...
Added: December 23, 2012
, Демографическое обозрение 2020 Т. 7 № 4 С. 36-61
There is an opinion that today’s youth is not only in a hurry to became adults, but also refusing to obtain starting life course events that may limit freedom and that require commitment. To test this idea, we studied the ages of the onset of six major biographical events: completion of professional education, first employment, ...
Added: February 9, 2021
, Демографическое обозрение 2019 Vol. 6 No. 5 P. 70-93
This paper is devoted to the analysis of the starting events marking the transition to adulthood, such as completion of education (vocational and higher), first employment, first separation from parents, first partnership, first marriage, and first childbirth. The dataset of the research is the Russian part of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS). We prepared a ...
Added: November 23, 2020
, , Вестник Московского университета. Серия 10: Журналистика 2016 № 4 С. 3-21
The topic of demography in recent years excites a lot of discussion among politicians, economists and sociologists. These discussions are reflected in the media including on the Internet: the articles addresses issues of fertility and maternity capital, mortality and health, migration and the labor market. However in these articles it is possible to detect certain ...
Added: December 5, 2015
Modernisation of Matrimonial Behaviour of Europeans: the Search for Multi-level Determinants and their Empirical Verification
, , Modernisation of Matrimonial Behaviour of Europeans: the Search for Multi-level Determinants and their Empirical Verification / Social Science Research Network. Series SSRN Working Paper Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2018.
The purpose of this research is to reveal how macro-, meso- and micro-level factors influence the choice of matrimonial behaviour. The ability of determinants of various levels to explain cross-country differences in matrimonial behaviour was examined (second wave of the Generations and Gender Survey); differences in matrimonial behaviour of the Russians were also investigated (a ...
Added: August 20, 2018
, Народонаселение 2015 № 2 С. 87-100
The article presents comparisons of the ages and facts of the occurrence of starting demographic events, based on the results from three big surveys carried out in Russia: ‘European Social Survey’ — 2006, ‘Generations and Gender Survey’ — 2004, 2007, 2011, and ‘Human, Family, Society’ — 2013. The research was devoted to inter-generation and gender ...
Added: March 23, 2015
, , et al., М.: Издательский дом ГУ-ВШЭ, 2016
Двадцать второй выпуск серии ежегодных аналитических докладов Института демографии НИУ ВШЭ, которые регулярно публикуются с 1993 г. В очередном докладе продолжен углубленный анализ текущей демографической ситуации в России на фоне ее долговременной эволюции и демографических тенденций в странах Организации экономического сотрудничества и развития (ОЭСР) в разрезе основных демографических процессов: брачности, рождаемости, смертности, миграции, изменения численности ...
Added: October 21, 2017
, , Демографическое обозрение 2014 Т. 1 № 3 С. 33-64
The paper regards an association between conception and official marriage registration in Russian women’s life course. Authors use 2010 vital statistics database on births for a set of regions to analyze marriage registration rates at different months of pregnancy or before it. The study reveals differences in the marital behavior in a state of pregnancy ...
Added: February 19, 2015
, Вестник Института экономики Российской академии наук 2018 Т. 3 С. 50-60
В статье рассматриваются особенности демографического поведения (рождаемости и смертности) у русских в постсоветских странах с наиболее многочисленной русскоязычной диаспорой и наличием надежных статистических данных – в Казахстане, Кыргызстане, Латвии и Эстонии. Проведен анализ факторов, определяющих динамику численности русской диаспоры в этих странах. Показано, что различия между русским населением и титульными национальностями в естественной убыли вызваны ...
Added: September 27, 2018
The Impact of Societal Instability on Demographic Behavior (The Case of Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia)
, , Population Research and Policy Review 2020 Vol. 39 No. 6 P. 1087-1117
This paper investigates the impact of sociopolitical instability on fertility. We develop a model linking macro-level instability with its perceptions as uncertainty at micro-level and their impact on decision-making and fertility outcomes. This model is based on a modified version of the uncertainty reduction theory. We stipulate that higher fertility rates may reflect people’s effort ...
Added: July 22, 2020
, Аист на крыше. Демографический журнал 2016 № 1
Трансформации в брачно-партнерской сфере. Переход от универсального всеобщего брака к браку как одной из форм совместного проживания партнеров. ...
Added: January 7, 2018
, Демоскоп Weekly 2010 № № 415 - 416
In this article the author is analyzing demographic indices (fertility, life interval, death-rate, migration) of the Kyrgyz Republic. Also probable trends of population change up to 2025, risks and losses associated with life time shortening, lack of social infrastructure, labour resources and etc were presented. ...
Added: December 5, 2013
, Журнал исследований социальной политики 2019 Т. 17 № 1 С. 133-141
The goal of the paper is to present the currently available quantitative data on transitions to adulthood in the North Caucasus. Based on the results of the 2013 all-Russia survey 'Person, Family and Society', the North Caucasus is compared to other regions of Russia, with a special focus on the sociodemographic and socioeconomic events related ...
Added: March 4, 2019
, Russian Education and Society 2016 Vol. 58 No. 9-10 P. 601-622
This article presents comparisons of the ages and the facts of the occurrence of starting demographic events, based on the results from three large-scale surveys carried out in Russia: the European Social Survey, 2006; the Generations and Gender Survey, 2004, 2007, and 2011; and Person, Family, Society, 2013. This study focuses on the intergenerational and ...
Added: July 3, 2017
, Общественные науки и современность 2012 № 2 С. 78-91
The article gives a developed criticism of representations that in advanced countries there were steady changes in dynamics of birth rate. This contradicts theories of demographic transition. The author polemizes with the arguments of M. Kluptas article published in same number. ...
Added: August 21, 2012
Ethnicity and fertility of descendants of rural-to-urban migrants: the case of Daghestan (North Caucasus)
, , Journal of International Migration and Integration 2021 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 1-21
This paper studies ethnic differences in the fertility of the descendants of migrants in a highly polyethnic region of Russia, Dagestan (North Caucasus). That region gives a rather rare example of an urban population whose majority is formed by migrants and their second- and third-generation descendants of several ethnicities which differ in fertility in their ...
Added: August 3, 2021
, , , Демографическое обозрение 2017 № 1 С. 6-34
В 1960 - 70-е годы с появлением на рынке гормональной контрацепции и внутриматочной контрацепции нового поколения, в западных странах произошли кардинальные перемены в сфере внутрисемейного регулирования рождаемости настолько значительные, что американские демографы Уэстоф и Райдер назвали их «контрацептивной революцией». К этому времени переход к низкой рождаемости в развитых странах, как, впрочем, и в России, был ...
Added: June 23, 2017
, , Genus. Journal of Population Sciences 2015 Vol. 71 No. 1 P. 23-59
We assess whether a relationship between employment characteristics and fertility exists in the low-fertility context of Russia. Using multiple data sources (Generations and Gender Survey and the Employment and Education Survey), we study both intentions and transitions to the first and second birth. Our analysis aims to shed light on multiple stages in the reproductive ...
Added: February 17, 2015
, Демографическое обозрение 2019 Т. 6 № 2 С. 204-208
The book is devoted to issues of forecasting the size and structure of the Earth’s population until the end of the XXI century; it focuses on both the methodological aspects of making such demographic projections and on the consequences of various forecast scenarios for future trajectories of human development. The authors pay special attention to ...
Added: December 9, 2019