Ассимиляция или интеграция: роль ценностей «Самоутверждение»
This study examines the role of ethnic minorities’ values in preferences for different acculturation strategies. We used Berry’s bidimensional model of acculturation, and Schwartz’s refined theory of 19 basic values. We hypothesized that individual values associate with acculturation preferences of ethnic minorities’. The sample consisted of two groups of adolescents, Russians and Poles, aged from 15 to 21 years old (N = 298). Using k-means clustering we assigned participants in four acculturation clusters: integration, assimilation, marginalization, and separation. Profiles, which correspond to the four Schwartz higher-order values across clusters and groups, were compared through ANOVA measures. The analysis has shown that participants in the assimilation cluster scored significantly higher on Self-Enhancement than participants in the integration cluster.
Globalization at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries and the global population shifts connected with it have led to the formation of the so-called, "negative identity" in many countries, including Russia and the USA. The phenomenon of negative identity is well studied. The social-political boundaries of the manifestation of negative identity are investigated to a less extent. The author gives an attempt to analyze the specificity of Muslim ethnic groups' residency in Russia and the USA.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the norms and practices of ethnic diversity management in the Russian Federation in the last twenty years. It examines the evolution of the legal framework, the institutional architecture and the policies intended to address the large number of challenges posed by Russia's immense ethno-cultural diversity. It analyses the legal, social and political changes affecting ethno-cultural relations and the treatment of ethnic minorities, and assesses how ethnic diversity both influences and is shaped by transformations in Russian politics and society. It concludes by appraising how successful or otherwise policies have been so far, and by outlining the challenges still faced by the Russian Federation.
In this chapter individual values are considered as person-based predictors of acculturation attitudes. This approach revealed a motivation that underlain a choice of different strategies of intercultural interactions among ethnic minority’ members. Representatives of two generations of Russian ethnic minority in Lithuania participated in the study. Older generation was represented by respondents who were born in the Soviet period. Younger generation was represented by respondents who were born after the collapse of the USSR. The sample consisted of 336 respondents aged from 15 to 84 years: 122 males and 214 females. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The key findings of the study were as follows: positive relationship was found between Openness to Change values and integration; negative relationship was found between Self-Enhancement values and assimilation. These results were common among both generations of Russians in the context of Lithuania.
This paper addresses the processes by which the international community intervened and participated in the defining of Bosnian identity and the corresponding constitutional framework, as well as the continuous paradoxical tension between the ethnic local and claims to universalism of supranational legal norms. In particular, the 1995 Constitution and the architecture of its sovereignty have been contested through provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights. The analysis is further supported by the discussion of the architectonic structure of the Town Hall/National Library in Sarajevo that has had an important constitutional role since the collapse of the Ottoman period. The paper thus focuses on two sites for construction/deconstruction of Bosnian sovereignty: the constitutional framework and the more concretely visible architectural symbol of the Town Hall/National Library. This importance of a visual and spatial approach to Bosnian realities is carried further by the 1993 ‘Eulogy’ that Jean-Luc Nancy wrote for Sarajevo, as a site of the Mêlée.
The paper is devoted the problems of the ethnic minority in the world and the specific of their legal status in Russia.
The article traces how the image of the Ainu formed by Japanese intellectuals in 18th and early 19th centuries influenced the formation of Japan’s policy towards this ethnic minority in the Meiji period (1868-1912).
This article presents an overview of the rhetoric and main discourses presented in the sphere of social policy and social services provided in Russia especially with regards to social inclusion of migrants. Inclusion policies in schools for children from migrant families are described and contrasted with lack of developments in police practices. A case study of two social service organizations in one of the regions in Privolzhsky Federal District is presented in order to analyze the micro-level of social policy and to find out whether their practices display inclusive culture.
About us People Research Clusters Regional Offices Programmes Trainings Calendar Pressroom Publications ECMI Kosovo Publications Issue Briefs Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues Reports Working Papers European Yearbook Information Services ECMI in der Grenzregion ECMI Publications Programme The ECMI prepares publications at different stages in our work and with varied aims. Below is a list of our current publications database, and in the left menu there is access to descriptions of our publications. If you have any questions regarding our publications, you are welcome to contact our Librarian Mr. William McKinney directly. Publication Database Autonomy Arrangements around the World: A Collection of Well and Lesser Known Cases Author Levente Salat, Sergiu Constantin, Alexander Osipov, and István Gergő Székely (eds.) Pages 502 ISBN 978-606-8377-30-8 Source Cluj: Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities Release Date 09-12-2014 Download PDF The volume is edited by Prof. Levente Salat (Political Science Department of Babeş-Bolyai University), Dr. Sergiu Constantin (EURAC), Dr. Alexander Osipov (ECMI) and Dr. István Gergő Székely (Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities). ECMI is pleased to announce the publication of a new book “Autonomy Arrangements Around the World: the Collection of Well and Lesser Known Cases”. The volume compiles the articles presented at the conference on Autonomy Arrangements organized in Flensburg in September 2012. The conference was organized in collaboration with the Political Science Department of Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, the European Center for Minority Issues, Flensburg, Germany, and the Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The European Academy of Bolzano/ Bozen, Italy, joined the partnership at the editing phase of the present volume, contributing in editing and peer review. The initiative aimed to invite scholars, researchers and practitioners to engage in identifying, researching and analyzing as many operational autonomy arrangements as possible in a standard format, with special focus on the lesser-known cases.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.