Author treats an issue on getting a new knowledge from thought experiments. A history of the notion of thought experiment is presented in a few words. Author considers a concept of instinctive knowledge, which Ernst Mach used in his investigations of the thought experiments. He puts a question on about the cultural conditionality of “instinctive knowledge”. In conclusion author makes a conjecture on the method of thought experiment as a tool for selection of the new knowledge patterns of the world.
Thought experiments are widely used nowadays in science and philosophy. Philosophical thought experiments can be distinguished from those spread in science for their critical and problematizing function. They can be described as fictional situations which are employed in order to criticize our use of philosophical concepts, make analogies, raise new questions, demonstrate limits of our theories. These fictional situations have a core function in survey technique used by modern experimental philosophy (x-phi), a recent movement which aim is to study folk philosophical intuitions by empirical methods. In the paper we are going to analyze methodological strategies of experimental philosophy. We are going to demonstrate that the use of fictional situations in survey not only have a little relevance for philosophical understanding of ontological and epistemological concepts, but barely can be compared to thought experiments.
The paper describe key points in algebraic bayesian network knowledge pattern implementation on C++ programming language. Knowledge pattern implemented as class that handle and store estimation for knowledge pattern elements. It also provide a couple of methods for processing knowledge pattern such as consistency update and a posteriori inference.
It is not news that we often make discoveries or find reasons for a mathematical proposition by thinking alone. But does any of this thinking count as conducting a thought experiment? The answer to that question is “yes,” but without refinement the question is uninteresting. Suppose you want to know whether the equation [8x + 12y = 6] has a solution in the integers. You might mentally substitute some integer values for the variables and calculate. In that case you would be mentally trying something out, experimenting with particular integer values, in order to test the hypothesis that the equation has no solution in the integers. Not getting a solution the first time, you might repeat the thought experiment with different integer inputs.