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Article

Где бюджетнику жить хорошо: анализ межсекторных различий в оплате труда в регионах России

In this paper we investigate regional public-private wage differentials in Russia. Using the October survey data for the period 2005–2013, we show that there are significant regional differences in wage gap. Subsequently, the relationship between variation of wage gap and socio-demographic regional characteristics was examined. The results show that regional differences in the wage gap are caused mainly by regional structure of employment and impact of the economic and budgetary capacity of regions. The study shows that the underpayment of public sector workers (relative to similar private sector workers) is greater in regions with high GDP per capita and a low share of transfers to the regional budget. Furthermore, a large concentration of public service consumers leads to a large cross-sector wage gap.