Structural and Economic Typology of Large Russian Cities
The goal of the research is to identify main types of large and the largest cities of Russia taking into account particularities of their structure and economic performance. The objects of the research are Russian cities – administrative centers of regions and autonomous districts of Russian Federation, as well as other Russian cities with population exceeding 100 thousand citizens. The research was done, using statistical data, reflecting the structure of employment by sectors of cities’ economy. To build up a typology the cluster analysis method, based on the results of the principal components analysis, was used. The research has proved, that mostly significant factors, influencing the structure of employment of Russian cities, are factors not depending on human activity: natural resources endowment and geographical location. Next factors after them are development of manufacturing sector and agglomeration effects. Detailed analysis of factors and results of social and economic development of cities allows to apply a system approach to building up their typology in post-soviet period, the typology still missing in academic literature.