Классика социальной теории спорта по-русски [Рецензия на книгу: Гуттман А. (2016). От ритуала к рекорду: природа современного спорта / Пер. с англ. под ред. В. Нишукова. М.: Изд-во Ин-та Гайдара.]
The article is devoted to studying styles of consumption in the field of leisure, focusing on sporting clays which became popular among the Russian elite in the second half of 1990s. The study demonstrates that today people with medium and low income are also engaged in sporting clays. The question arises as to whether sporting clays stimulates social differentiation or social integration. The empirical data collected from participants of a sporting clays club describe the institutionalization process of sporting clays in modern Russia, show social and economic qualities of shooters, and present a typology of people engaged in this kind of shooting.
The article explores the professionalization process in the field of sports in Russia. It is based on empirical research which consisted in biographic interviews with professional tennis players and secondary analysis of publications. The theoretical background of the article belongs to sociology of professions and sociology of sports. A brief review of sociology of sports as independent academic discipline is made. The article shows relations between sportsmen from different sports, mass communication and leisure. Authors make conceptual distinction between amateur and professional tennis and show how the social status of parents influences the success of tennis players. This research pioneers in the academic study of tennis players professional environment.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.