Взаимосвязь ценностей и социально-экономических представлений у корейских и российских студентов
The article reviews the results of the study on the interaction of values and socio-economic views of Korean and Russian students. The theoretical basis for the research is the works by Russian and foreign authors in social, economic and cross-cultural psychology, as well as in institutional and behavioral economy. The theory of individual values by S. Schwartz was used for the study on values (Schwartz et al., 2012), as well as some works on interaction of culture and economy (Weber, 1978; Hofstede, 1980; Furham, 1984; Inglehart, 1997; Zhuravlev, Kupreychenko, 2007; Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2011). The objective of the research was the detection of universal and culture-specific correlations between individual values and socio-economic views of Russian and Korean students. The subjects were students of 14 to 30 years of age (157 Koreans and 211 Russians), living in Seoul (Republic of Korea) and Moscow (Russia) correspondingly. Socio-psychological survey was administered with the method of “snowball”, the content of the questionnaires in two languages was identical. The Korean version of the questionnaire was translated and adapted in accordance with the requirements of cross-cultural psychology – Think-aloud (Ericsson & Simon, 1980; Someren, Barnard, Sandberg, 1994). The results of the survey were calculated with SPSS and AMOS (exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling). The research showed that there are universal correlations of values Openness to Change with Positive attitude toward competition and between Self-transcendence and Satisfaction with material status and Importance of money. Also cultural-specific correlation was found between the block of values Openness to Change and Positive attitude toward competition in Russians and Koreans – which was positive and negative correspondingly. The acquired results and findings of the research can be used in drafting of recommendations in the sphere of crosscultural business-consulting.