Цифровые коды российских городов: связи, разрывы и немного о любви к человеку
The authors of this article have undertaken a critical analysis of basic methodological principles of urban digitalization studies. We argue the relevance of the “digital connection” concept since our field research confirms the discrete nature of mobile digital practices. At the same time, a generic anthropological approach brings a universal logic to discontinuous cases: the starting point of our speculations is the human being in a changing urban environment.
A new formalism of Resource Driven Automata Nets (RDA-nets) is presented. A RDAnet has two levels: a system level is represented by a net of active resources, describing distribution of agents/resources and their interactions; agents in an object level are finite automata, communicating via ports and shared resources of a system level. RDA-nets are assigned for modeling mobility in multi-agent systems from the resource dependence perspective. We prove that RDA-nets have the same expressive power as Petri nets and give examples of modeling agent communications, dynamics and mobility.
The formation of the Afroeurasian world-system was one of the crucial points of social evolution, starting from which the social evolution rate and effectiveness increased dramatically. In the present article we analyze processes and scales of global integration in historical perspective, starting with the Agrarian Revolution. We connect the main phases of historical globalization with the processes of development of the Afroeurasian world-system. In the framework of the Afroeurasian world-system the integration began a few thousand years Before the Common Era. In this world-system the continental and supracontinental links became rather developed long before the Great Geographic Discoveries and thus, they could quite be denoted as global (albeit in a somehow limited sense). As some researchers are still inclined to underestimate the scale of those links in the pre-Industrial era, it appears necessary to provide additional empirical support for our statement. It also turns necessary to apply a special methodology (which necessitated the use of the world-system approach). We analyze some versions of periodization of history of globalization. We also propose our own periodization of globalization using as its basis the growing scale of intersocietal links as an indicator of the level of globalization development.
The article describes some crucial moments of flight attendant job routin. The auther describes his experience of being flight attendant of one of the biggest and multicultural airlines – Emirates Airlines. Мобильность, профессия бортпроводника, авиация, этнография Mobility, Flight-attendant, Aviation, Ethnography
This edition presents abstracts of the reports of the participants of the VI International conference "Advanced materials and technologies - 2014"
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.