Евреи и гиганты: библейские события и версии истории
The article deals with the ways such 17th century authors as Isaac La Peyrère or Giambattista Vico envisaged the history of Jewish civilization. Focusing primarily on La Peyrère's “preadamite” writings and the Vichian treatise On the consistency of philology (second part of De constantia jurisprudentis), we set ourselves the goal to point out the line of historical development located between two major tracks of the Vichian history of nations – that of the gentiles and that of the Jews. Our study made it possible to consider the Vico's science as resulting of an interaction of various disciplinary palimpsests and discursive splinters, cut short and not written to the end – Protestant exegesis or historiosophy of the prisca sapientia among them.
The article is devoted to the influence of Giambattista Vico on Edward Said. It claims, first, that Vico inspired Said to engage in the intellectual-political project of Postcolonial Studies, and second, that Saidian reading of Vico is the most sophisticated, detailed and fresh left interpretation of the great Neapolitan philosopher in the twentieth century.
The monograph carried out by the joint efforts of the scholars from Italy, Russia, Brazil, and Japan sheds the light on the new methods and perspectives in the interdisciplinary investigations of the Giambattista Vico's intellectual legacy. Vico was one of the most prominent European thinkers of the 18th century, lately rediscovered and proclaimed the founding father or radical reformer of a number of scientific disciplines: sociology, philosophy of history, philosophical anthropology, philosophy of language, contemporary philology, philosophical aesthetics and history of culture. The essays brought together in this book carry out different ways of approaching the Vichian legacy and demonstrate the heuristic value of the G. Vico's thought for the resolution of problems, topical in various contexts and areas of the 21th century humanities.
This study contrasts Vico's conception of the physics based on ingenium, developed in chapter five of De ratione, to its alleged counterpart, Cartesian deductive natural science. By examining the various “faces” and ramifications of Cartesian physics with a special focus on Thomas Burnet's “ingenious physics”, we demonstrate the affinity of some versions of the Cartesian hypothetical approach to Vico's rhetorical epistemology.
This book is dedicated to the last inaugural speech by Giambattista Vico - De mente heroica (1732). It is primarily focused on Vico's idea of medicina mentis, history of law, and civil education.
The article compares two interpretations of God’s self-definition in Exodus 3:14, namely (a) the traditional “ontological” interpretation (“I am the One Who really is”), which is represented in the Septuagint and patristic exegesis, as well as in the standard Russian (so-called Synodal) translation, and (b) the “apophatic” interpretation (“I am what I am”), which is predominant in modern exegesis and modern translations. Analysis of the Hebrew text suggests that the “apophatic” reading reflects the original understanding of Exodus 3:14 in its pre-Hellenistic context. The Septuagint rendering of the Hebrew text is often regarded as influenced by the Greek philosophy, but it may well be explained as a translator’s attempt to deal with the difficult text, namely to retain the parallelism between two halves of the verse Exodus 3:14 without violation of the norms of the Greek grammar. If this is the case, the LXX translators did not invent the “ontological” understanding of this verse, but rather involuntarily prepared the way for it.
The article examines the key notions of G. Vico’s doctrine of nature, anthropology and historical process by means of the category of modality in its interpretation by Nancy S. Struever. Our study is focused on the semantic shifts of socialitas, a concept extremely important for Vichian anthropology and philosophy of history, which were performed since Vico’s earlier De Constantia jurisprudentis to the NS 44. These shifts are placed in the context of a more general process, that of transformation and complication of the modality of the Neapolitan’s texts, conceptualizing the notion of history. In our opinion, this approach could not only explain the contradictory character of the sociality in the last New Science, but could open a larger perspective in Vichian studies. It seems that the comparative analysis of conceptions put forward in Vico’s earlier writings, and modal characteristics of the texts where these conceptions are laid down would be promising a task for future researchers. Such investigations would substantially enhance the study of the Modern political discourses.
The article is focused on the chapters 19-22 of G. Vico's “New Science” of 1725. It deals with the Vichian reconstruction of the archaic self-consciousness of the Roman patricians. In contrast to the plebeians, the patricians, according to Vico, claimed the understanding of the language of the divine revelations. This “interpretative” privilege entailed the obligation to follow exclusively the indications of this fancied divinity. In this type of self-comprehension a peculiar dialectic of necessity and freedom, determining the self-consciousness of the patricians: their unlimited power upon other classes was preconditioned by their readiness to obey to the divine orders and, if necessary, to sacrifice themselves. Thus, the personal freedom and “great deeds”, distinguishing the patricians from other classes and usually considered as a manifestation of an ancient heroism were, according to Vico, not individual virtues of particular persons, but a principle of the collective mind of the upper class.
Le présent article a pour but de mettre en lumière, à la base d’un manuscrit exégètique anonyme de la première moitié du XIIIe siècle, un épisode remarquable de l’histoire du «Maïmonide latin» – celui de la reception occidentale de l’exégèse maïmonidienne. Le destin de l’exégèse de Maïmonide dans l’Occident chrétien, quoique étudié ces derniers temps d’une manière très intense, offre encore un nombre de points obscurs et inexplorés. Nous nous attachons à combler cette lacune.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.