Проблемы определения и применения толерантности при управлении рисками
The article deals with the organization and functioning of the risk management system in the sphere of state control. In Russia, a risk-based approach is being actively developed in some areas of public administration, but it is not universal. Full implementation of risk management systems will improve the efficiency of state inspection, as well as the comfort of doing business. The aim of the article is to summarize and analyze the Russian experience of risk management in state control, as well as the formation of a target model and proposals for its implementation.
The authors have proposed definitions of «risk» and «risk management system» that are applied to the sphere of state control (supervision). The article discusses two basic elements of risk management: risk assessment procedure and measures to minimize risk.
The article contains a description and classification of risks assessment, based on the analysis of the following elements: an object, the scale, the manner and method of evaluation. With regard to risk minimization measures the authors examined the existing differentiation of administrative regimes of the economic activities start, mandatory requirements and procedures of state control, based on the level of potential hazard controlled entity (object).
The article presents a general description of all the risk management systems, which are currently used in 12 kinds of control. The authors developed a target model of the risk-based approach in the sphere of state control, and formulated 10 basic principles, the implementation of which will create a high-performance risk management system in the monitoring activities.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management