Lower critical ﬁeld and SNS-Andreev spectroscopy of 122-arsenides: Evidence of nodeless superconducting gap
Using two experimental techniques, we studied single crystals of the 122-FeAs family with almost the same critical temperature, Tc. We investigated the temperature dependence of the lower critical field Hc1(T ) of a Ca0.32Na0.68Fe2As2 (Tc ≈ 34 K) single crystal under static magnetic fields H parallel to the c axis. The temperature dependence of the London penetration depth can be described equally well either by a single anisotropic s-wave-like gap or by a two-gap model, while a d-wave approach cannot be used to fit the London penetration depth data. Intrinsic multiple Andreev reflection effect spectroscopy was used to detect bulk gap values in single crystals of the intimate compound Ba0.65K0.35Fe2As2, with the same Tc. We estimated the range of the large gap value L = 6–8 meV (depending on small variation of Tc) and its a k space anisotropy of about 30%, and the small gap S ≈ 1.7 ± 0.3 meV. This clearly indicates that the gap structure of our investigated
systems more likely corresponds to a nodeless s-wave two gaps.