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Article

Слоеный пирог политики: рецепты и импровизации

The article further develops critical investigation of heterogeneous institutional arrangements (flaky pastry) initiated in the first part of the article. Institutional ambiguity rests on two modes of existence – temporal on line and extemporal off line. Human agency provides an interface of both modes that can be associated with ongoing improvisations and fixed recipes. Procedures and criteria of saturation and purification are discussed. Each of the three basic cognitive schemata – a thing, an organism and an ecosystem (community of life forms) – helps to single out various aspects of life. Some cognitive schemata suit particular aspects of politics better than other analytic instruments. Combination of heuristic capabilities is the key issue. The article further presents sequencing and orientations of specific aspects of reforms. Particular attention is focused on the risks and prospects of alternative strategies of reforms, their recipes and improvisations. Transformation of institutions by saturating them with new practices is claimed to be naturally advantageous. It is saturation of traditional institutions be democratic practices that accounts for success of conclusive cases of democratization.