Grammaticalization paths of the verb gi- ‘say’ in Kalmyk
The paper focuses on the pathways of grammaticalization of the verb of speech gi- in Kalmyk. Analyzing the similarities and the differences between pathways of grammaticalization forms with verb gi- ‘say’, this paper is an attempt to shed some light on the network of constructions that synchronically co-exist in Kalmyk. I argue that Kalmyk gi- is the source for the development of multiple grammatical markers (polygrammaticalization). There are three chains of development of gi- in Kalmyk with special semantic and syntactic properties: 1) in the field of reported speech, 2) as an appositive construction which includes names and adverbials within the clause and 3) as an auxiliary with prospective semantics.