Phase imaging microscopy for the diagnostics of plasma-cell interaction
Phase images of biological specimens were obtained by the method of Quadriwave Lateral Shearing Interferometry (QWLSI). The QWLSI technique produces, at high resolution, phase images of the cells having been exposed to a plasma treatment and enables the quantitative analysis of the changes in the surface area of the cells over time. Morphological changes in the HTori normal thyroid cells were demonstrated using this method. There was a comparison of the cell behaviour between control cells, cells treated by plasma of a nanosecond dielectric barrier discharge, including cells pre-treated by catalase, and cells treated with an equivalent amount of H2O2. The major changes in the cell membrane morphology were observed at only 5min after the plasma treatment. The primary role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in this degradation is suggested. Deformation and condensation of the cell nucleus were observed 2–3 h after the treatment and are supposedly related to apoptosis induction. The coupling of the phase QWLSI with immunofluorescence imaging would give a deeper insight into the mechanisms of plasma induced cell death.
The inuence of injection-thermal and plasma treatments on the characteristics of the MOS-structure is studied. It is shown that the thermal stable part of the negative charge which accumulates in the phosphorus-silicate glass (PSG) lm in the structures with the two-layer gate dielectric SiO2-PSG under high-eld FowlerNordheim electron injection can be used for the characteristics modication of MOS-structures with above described structure. The injection-thermal and plasma treatments of MOS-structures are oered to use for improving the reliability and nding the samples which have the charge defects. It is found that using the injection-thermal and plasma treatments allows to increase the injection and radiation stability of the dielectric lms of MOS-structures due to structural changes in the SiO2 lm and Si-SiO2 interface.
We consider a simplified and compact scheme of interference phase microscopy using a diffraction grating and spatial filtering of the diffracted field, i.e., diffraction phase microscopy. The scheme and the parameters of the device with the possibility of using the optical system of a smartphone and its software are analysed. The results of experimental determination of the spatial structure parameters of erythrocytes are presented
We describe the synthesis of derivatives of 4,11-diaminonaphtho[2,3-f]indole-5,10-dione and their cytotoxicity for human tumor cells that express major determinants of altered anticancer drug response, the efflux pump P-glycoprotein, and non-functional p53. Nucleophilic substitution of methoxy groups in 4,11-dimethoxynaphtho[2,3-f]indole-5,10-dione with various ethylenediamines yielded the derivatives of 4,11-diaminonaphtho[2,3-f]indole-5,10-dione, the indole containing analogues of the antitumor agent ametantrone. The cytotoxicity of novel compounds for multidrug resistant, P-glycoprotein-expressing tumor cells is highly dependent on the N-substituent at the terminal amino group of the ethylenediamine moiety. Whereas p53 null colon carcinoma cells were less sensitive to the reference drug doxorubicin than their counterparts with wild type p53, the majority of novel naphthoindole derivatives were equally potent for both cell lines, regardless of the p53 status.
We studied the expression of peroxiredoxin genes (PRDX1, PRDX2, PRDX3, and PRDX6) in human erythroleukemia K652, human breast carcinoma MCF-7, and human ovarian carcinoma SKOV-3 cells during cisplatin resistance development. It was found that drug resistance formation was accompanied by a significant increase in the expression of PRDX1, PRDX2, PRDX3, PRDX6 genes in all cancer cell strains, which confirms the important contribution of redox-dependent mechanisms into the development of cisplatin resistance of cancer cells.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.