Происхождение коммунистического режима: от «советской демократии» к однопартийной диктатуре. Часть первая.
The origin of the Communist regime remains the problem of acute debates not only for historiography but also for politicians and legal experts in the context of Soviet legacy and the formation of the Post-Communist transitional regime. The widespread myth about soviets as integral institutes of direct democracy still inspires leftist ideological proposals and even constitutional amendments to Russian Fundamental Law in action. Demystification of the Soviet legend is only possible by the profound research of their genesis, structural place and the real role in revolutionary government. On the ground of the 1918 Constitutional Commission archival documents the author reconstructs the historical place of the Soviet phenomenon in formation arguing that its “democratic” potential stay too fare from the exaggerated ideal.