Развитие идей саморегуляции в исторической ретроспективе
Psychology of selfregulation is a relatively new but rapidly developing branch of psychological science. It has integrated many of the ideas that were initially born within the framework of physiology and cybernet ics. Interpretations of mechanisms underlying selfregulation are closely related to the general principles of dynamic systems' functioning on the basis of feedback. These principles were defined in the works of the Russian physiologists N.A. Bernstein and P.K. Anokhin and in the cybernetic models of Western scientists. Ideas of L.S. Vygotsky, S.L. Rubinstein, A.N. Leontiev, P. Janet, J. Piaget and others have also had a significant impact on the development of modern concepts of selfregulation. The paper provides a historical insight into the origins of ideas of selfregulation and shows how they have evolved from the concept of selfregulation as adaptation to the concepts of reasonable changes, subjective activity, conscious selfregulation, selfdetermi nation and selfefficacy, and individual styles of selfregulation.