О лексикографических источниках немецкого студенческого языка XVIII – XIX веков
The article presents a review of major lexicographic sources in XVIII-XIX centuries from R. Salmasius to F. Kluge featuring slang spoken by German students. It provides a comparative analysis of three lexicons published in XVIII century and sixteen XIX century dictionaries according to main lexicographic parameters with the focus on definitions of entries. They are mostly incomplete, since they lack grammatical and stylistic characteristics, historical and etymological references, examples, verifiable data sources. The common feature of all analysed lexicons is their either brief or comprehensive definitions of entries. Some dictionaries point out a number of meanings, some focus on synonyms of slang words, others give examples of usage. Verifiable data sources can be found only in “Deutsche Studentensprache” (German Students` Language) written by F. Kluge. Incomplete definitions and incoherent systematization of entries is attributed to the fact that most lexicons of that time weren`t compiled by linguists, but by students who wanted to share their experience with future generations and they usually said so in the preface to the dictionary. The analysis of dictionary entries makes it possible to identify lexical and semantic changes that have been taking place over the past two centuries. The study of student slang words in XVIII-XIX centuries has revealed that some of them can be found only in one lexicon, while others have been included in later editions because of their significance in students` life. Though different in scope and content, all analysed dictionaries, considered collectively or separately, are essential in studying the evolution of German students` language which in its turn ensures better understanding of current trends in modern youth slang. Moreover, definitions provide a glimpse into a students` life in the past, enabling us to learn more about culture, lifestyle and preoccupations of German speaking students and this is what makes this study very important since it touches upon linguistic and sociological issues.