Ценности, социальная дистанция и установки по отношению к миграции: кросс-культурное исследование в Бельгии, Германии, Франции и Нидерландах
This article demonstrates the influence of individual’s values on family values, educational values and family behavior. We conceptualize individual’s values as materialist and post-materialist values according theory of modernization by Ronald Inglehart. This analysis is based on result of 5 wave of World Values Survey. For analysis of cross-countries differences of family values and family behavior we used the regime of welfare. We divided the countries on four groups: countries with liberal regime of welfare, countries with conservative regime of welfare, countries with social-democratic regime of welfare and post-communist countries. During analysis we investigated the differences in family values of parents between four groups of countries. The results of research show that process of modernization, which is accompanied by changes in individual’s values leads to changes in family values and family behavior. These changes are characterized by variety of family forms and bringing up children emancipatory values. Regimes of welfare have strong association with family values and family behavior.
This monograph deals with migration issues in Europe. The authors examine how migration affects the social and political situation in the European Union and point out difficulties in integrating immigrants in the EU Member States. They analyse the normative base of the EU immigration policy and consider new proposals in combating illegal migration as well. Challenges for the Russian immigration policy are also in the focus of authors’ attention. Experts define specific features of labour immigration to Russia and characterise different channels to attract foreign workers. The latest changes in the Russian immigration law, a case of the Southern Federal District in the context of Russian immigration policy, applicability of the EU’s experience and the EU-Russia cooperation in migration are also observed. In conclusion the authors express their concern over the fact that even with existing programmes, laws and institutions immigration policy in different parts of Europe is still lacking efficiency.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.