Рец. на кн.: Drelichman M., Voth H.-J. Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II. Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2014.
One of the first more or less extensive Russian official accounts, describing Muscovite embassies to European courts, depicts the mission of Vladimir Plemiannikov and Istoma Maloy to Emperor Maximilian I in 1517. Its reliability can now be examined anew due to several documents recently found (or reassessed) in state archives in Moscow and Innsbruck. This documentary evidence reveals the official report of the ambassadors to be not ingenuous and complete description of all relevant events (as it presents itself on the first glance) but rather a sophisticated construct. The authors' specific narrative strategy was based on selectivity of their account (where dubious episodes were omitted) and accentuation of those sides of their activity, that could show them in the most favourable light (as most devoted and skilful servants) in the eyes of the Grand Duke and his counsellors.
The author compares the final report of ambassodors of the Grand Duke of Moscow after their mission in Innsbrick in 1518 with contemporary accounts concerning the same embassy survived in Austrian archives.
The article studies the case of Japan as a part of a series of cultural interactions. The Spanish Jesuit Francis Xavier was the first to introduce Chistianity into Japan. Rivaling with the Jesuits, the Spanish Augustinians and Franciscans came to Japan. It was the age when the first contacts between two countries were established, and the image of Japan was created by the European missionaries.