Зависимость появления домашних питомцев в зависимости от возраста детей
Based on the data obtained from the survey (n=733) among students, conducted among first-year students of the faculty of psychology of Moscow State University and among the clients of the veterinary surgeon in 2008-2012, we have analyzed the dependence of the frequency of occurrence of pets, which respondents considered “family member”, on the age of child/children in the family at the time of their purchase. Our findings may indicate a nonrandom occurrence of pets in families. The decision to purchase a pet, apparently, occurs at moments of acute anxiety in the family associated with the normative crises of passage stages of the life cycle: the separation of children (school age and the notorious “teenage” crisis). Pets, due to the nature of their communication (emotional) relationships with people, can stabilize the family system in times of crises. Key words: pet, systemic approach, triangulation, family psychology, family normative crises, animal-children relationships.
This study evaluates the legitimacy of the premises underlying the prevailing conceptualization of public leisure services marketing. A critical theory approach was used, involving investigative research, negative case analysis, and theoretical triangulation. The investigative research revealed three main premises underpinning the prevailing conceptualization: an open-system model of formal organizations, voluntary exchange, and self-interest motivation. The negative case analysis identified three alternate premises: closed-system and contingency-choice models of organizations; redistribution and reciprocity exchange; and alternate motivations. A triangulation of the prevailing and alternative premises suggested a revised conceptualization of public leisure services marketing.
The paper exmines methodological reflection on current discussion about “third methodological movement” (or “third research community”) that supposes the combination of the qualitative and quantitative approaches to implement the multimethod research strategy for more comprehensive understanding of social phenomenon. The main steps on the development of the methodological movement, Russian translation of the term ‘MMR’ and current competitive classifications of the research designs are described. The perspectives are discussed in the last part of the paper.
Needs analysis is considered an essential step which normally precedes English for Academic Purposes course design. It allows course developers to identify the tasks the target audience has to complete, and the skills they need to master. Based on the experience of the 'English for Academics' textbook writing project, the paper shows that needs analysis can be extended to the materials evaluation stage of textbook development. The piloting undertaken at this stage involved a questionnaire which required qualitative and quantitative responses from teacher and learner participants. The respondents were encouraged to evaluate different aspects of course implementation, e.g. timing, relevance, difficulty, sequence, clarity of instructions, etc., and suggest improvements. The questionnaire was analysed which provided course developers with the opportunity to identify additional learners' needs and to explore teachers' needs and expectations, which in many respects coincided. Consequently, the learning and teaching materials were restructured in accordance with the evaluation. The changes which were introduced into the textbook and the Teachers' Notes are described. It is concluded that piloting can be an instrument to expose both pedagogical and linguistic needs, thus, providing for the triangulation of the methods and reliability of the results.
This paper is a collection of thoughts and observations, being partly a review and partly a report of current research, on recent work in various aspects of Grunbaum colorings, their existence and usage. In particular, one of the most striking significances of Grunbaum’s Conjecture in the 2-dimensional case is its equivalence to the 4-Color Theorem. The notion of Grunbaum coloring is extended from the 2-dimensional case to the case of arbitrary finite hyper-dimensions.
The article focuses on the Bluetooth Low Energy technology and the organization of indoor navigation and identification in the buildings by using portable beacons. College campuses, large office buildings, airport terminals, hospitals and other objects are considered to be the possible sphere of usage of such technology. The main purpose of this project is to help people to navigate in such buildings via software and mobile devices.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.