Личностная регуляция рационального выбора: развитие идеи единства интеллекта и аффекта
The paper discusses the evolution of the ideas of Tikhomirov’s semantic theory of thinking as they are re- lated to studies of choice and decision making. We argue that Tikhomirov’s theory is useful and heuristic in addressing key challenges in this scientific field. The theoretical model of the intellectual and personal regulation of choice based on Tikhomirov’s theory is described in the context of a specific study. The study was aimed at investigating the effects of different processes of intellectual and personal regulation at different stages of choice (as a productive decision) and revealing the structuring function of motiva- tion in the regulation of rational choice.
In the article author consider approach to client’s base generation on decision tree method. Author stresses readers’ attention on phenomena of inadequate choice influencing on best alternative selection.
The Chapter on Russia deals with the particularities of decision-making methodology used by the Supreme Court of Russia, in comparison with that of the US Supreme Court. It offers an overview of the Russian Supreme Court jurisdiction, justiciability and standing and the main issues arising in these areas.
The article is devoted to the analysis of establishing an objective (material) truth in criminal procedure, the author argues on choice of the correct positions in some life situations related to the criminal process.
The article is based on the introductory part of the collection on “Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life: Ethnographic Approaches” (2009). The author presents a brief review of concepts that have been lately employed in research on material or technological culture. He attempts to show that different disciplines do in fact use adjacent notions and concepts in thinking about materiality, and tries to delineate ways of bringing the different research traditions to a unified platform that could serve as a theoretical foundation for the complex materialistic study of technological culture.
The issues of choice in traditional psychology exists with the topics of planning and decision making. on influencing of existential psychology the issue of choice becomes connected with personal responsibility and taking on uncertainty, which are closely connected to the personal potential of the subject.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.